Organic Chemistry

Beutel quiz organic chemistry

What is Organic Chemistry chemistry of carbon compounds What is a molecule that has carbon and hydrogen only Hydrocarbon What is the difference between a hydrocarbon and an alcohol OH at the end of the molecule Which type of formula tells the amount of each element Empirical Which type of formulas shows what the molecule […]

Intro to Organic Chemistry

Organic Chemistry Chem of composition containing carbon and usually H,O, & N. How do we study the compounds? by Family or file Hyrdrocarbon A compound that contains only the elements hydrogen and carbon Alkane A CLASS OF HYDROCARBONS THAT HAS ONLY SINGLE BONDS (4 single bonds, 4 atoms) Alkene a hydrocarbon that contains one or […]

Chapter 12 Organic Chemistry

Organic Animals, vegetables, living things- any compound that is carbon based Properties of Organic Compounds non polar, low melting points and boiling points, not soluble in water, less dense than water, highly flammable Formula for Alkanes Cn2Hn+2 Formula for Cycloalkanes CnH2n Shape of Ethane, C2H6 Tetrahedral C3H8 inorganic/organic? Organic CaCl2 inorganic/organic? Inorganic Prefix for alkane […]

Organic Chemistry VSEPR

Linear number of bonds: 2 Number of lone pairs:0 Bond angle:180 degrees Trigonal Planar Number of Bonds:3 Number of lone pairs:0 Bond Angle:120 degrees Trigonal Planar, bent Number of Bonds:2 Number of lone pairs:1 Bond angle:117.3 Tetrahedral Number of Bonds:4 Number of lone pairs:0 Bond angle:109.5 Trigonal Pyramidial Number of Bonds:3 Number of lone pairs:1 […]

Unit 10 – Organic Chemistry

addition reaction a chemical reaction in which one molecule is added to another alcohol any of a series of volatile hydroxyl compounds that are made from hydrocarbons by distillation aldehyde any of a class of highly reactive chemical compounds alicyclic an aliphatic cyclic hydrocarbon such as a cycloalkane or cycloalkene aliphatic having carbon atoms linked […]

year 12 chemistry organic chemistry

different compounds with the same molecular formula are called what? isomers alkanes are called saturated or unsaturated? saturated the simplest organic compound containing only hydrogen and carbon are called? hydrocarbon the what increases as the hydrocarbons increase its molar mass? boiling point and melting point during an excess oxygen combustion in alkanes,what is formed? carbon […]

Organic Chemistry Reactions

Alkene to alcohol? Conc H2SO4/H2O heat Alkene to diol? MnO4/H+ Alcohol to alkene? Conc H2SO4 heat Primary alcohol to aldehyde? Cr2O7 2-/H+ heat Alcohol to haloalkane? SOCl2 Alkene + H+/MNO4-? Diol Alkene + conc H2SO4/H2O heat? Alcohol Alcohol + conc H2SO4 heat? Alkene Primary alcohol + Cr2O7 2-/H+ heat? Aldehyde Alcohol + SOCl2? Haloalkane Secondary […]

Applications of Organic Chemistry

plastic a material capable of being shaped or formed, usually an organic material of high molecular weight polymer a chemical molecule made up of repeating links of smaller identical molecules. “macro-molecules” are plastics polymers? all plastics are polymers, but not all polymers are plastics examples of nonplastic polymers wood, wool, cotton, starch, rubber, skin, hair […]

Organic chemistry reaction sequence

Haloalkane to alcohol Substitution, KOH (aq) or NaOH (aq) needed Haloalkane to amine Substitution, conc NH3 needed Alkene to alcohol Addition, H2O needed with a catalyst of h+, h2SO4 and heat Alcohol to alkene Elimination. Conc. H2SO4 needed Alcohol to haloalkane Substitution. PCl3, PCl5 or SOCl2 needed Alkene to haloalkane Addition. HX needed Haloalkane to […]

Unit 15: organic chemistry

ester a derivative of a carbonxylic acid in which the OH is replaced by the OR from and alcohol. ether an organic compound in which the oxygen is bonded to two carbon groups isomer compounds that have the same molecular formula but different molecular structure. monomer a simple molecule that repeatedly combines to form a […]

Important reactions and reagents for NCEA level 2 organic chemistry

Halo alkane to an Amine (Substitution rxn) NH3(alc) Alkane to Halo alkane (Substitution rxn) Br2/UV Alkene to Alkane (Addition rxn) Pt/H2 or Ni/H2 Alkane to Alkene (Elimination rxn) -H2 Alkene to Halo alkane 1 (Addition rxn) Br2(aq) Alkene to Polymer (Addition rxn) Alkene to Alkyne (Elimination rxn) -H2 Alkyne to Alkene (Addition rxn) Pt/H2 or […]

Chem 102 ( Organic Chemistry) Exam 1

methane CH4 ethane C2H6 propane C3H8 butane C4H10 pentane C5H12 Hexane C6H14 Heptane C7H16 Octane C8H18 Nonane C9H20 Decane C10H22 alkanes contains only single bonds cycloalkanes alkanes with carbon bonded in rings alkenes contains atlas one double bond alkynes contains atlas one triple bond Two types of hydrocarbons aliphatic and aromatic number of bonds (H, […]

Organic Chemistry Lab Safety

No student is allowed to work in the lab without the supervision of an instructor No unauthorized experiment is permitted alteration/modification of the lab procedure is not allowed unless it has been checked and okay-ed by your instructor. Eating, drinking, and chewing gum are not allowed in the lab. Chewing gum may absorb chemicals from […]

Biology Chapter 3: Organic Chemistry

2 Broad Categories How many categories are compounds divided into? Organic and Inorganic Compounds The two categories of compounds into these. Organic This compound contains carbon atoms that are covalent my bonded to carbon and to other elements. Living Things An organic compound is a compound that contains carbon and is found in all of […]

Organic Chemistry year 11

What is a single bond called? Alkane Are single bonds saturated or unsaturated? saturated Are double/triple bonds saturated or unsaturated? unsaturated What is a double bond called? Alkene What is a triple bond called? Alkyne What is the formula for single bonds? CnH2n+2 What is the formula for double bonds? CnH2n What is the formula […]

Organic Chemistry Chapter 1

Valence Shell outermost electron shell Valence Electrons electrons on the outermost energy level of an atom Valence electrons on the periodic table The number of valence electrons in an A group of the periodic table = its group number Octet Rule Theory Atoms lose, gain, or share electrons to have a full eight valence electrons […]

Organic Chemistry Lab Exam I

What is the purpose of recrystallization primary method for purifying solid organic compounds Explain why the solvent is heated and cooled in ice bath The desired compound along with the soluble impurities are dissolved in a minimum of near boiling solvent, the solution is then allowed to cool slowly without interruption. As it cools, the […]

Principles of Organic Chemistry

Hydro carbons compounds that contain hydrogen and carbon. organic chemistry the study of carbon. ~90 naturally found ~118 are artificial atom single piece of an element compound the joining of two or more atoms molecule a single piece of a compound common properties not water soluble, tend to be combustible, not conductive or electricity, non […]

Organic Chemistry Reagents and Products

Add OH antimarkov 1. BH3 2. NaOH, H202 anti mark racemic mixture **works with alkYnes too, gives C-OH, then O=C** Add two Br to alkene (TRANS) Br2 Add Br and OH to alkene (TRANS) Br2, H20 To make O=C out of C=C (anti) 1. BH3 2. NaOH, H202 Adding Br out of nowhere Br2, hv […]

Chemistry VESPER, organic function groups, and intro to organic chemistry notes

2 areas of electron density (2bonds,0 lone pairs) Electronic Structure: Linear Molecular Structure: Linear Bond Angle: 180 Polarity: Non Polar 3 areas of electron density (3bonds,0 lone pairs) Electronic Structure: Trigonal Planar Molecular Structure: Trigonal Planar Bond Angle: 120 Polarity: Non Polar 3 areas of electron density (2bonds,1 lone pair) Electronic Structure: Trigonal Planar Molecular […]

Organic Chemistry IGCSE reactions, conditions, fractions and other terms

esterification alcohol + carboxylic acid, heated with a concentrated sulfuric(VI) acid catalyst hydrogenation of an alkene hydrogen gas, high pressure and temperature, nickel catalyst bromination of an alkene add bromine water and shake bromination of an alkane add bromine water and shine UV light onto mixture hydration of an ethene steam, high temperature and pressure […]

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