Inorganic Chemistry Flashcards

Inorganic vs Organic Chemistry

Organic chemistry Study of molecules that contain carbon compounds Inorganic chemistry Study of all compounds that do not contain carbon compounds Key differences between organic and inorganic chemistry Chemical structure Chemical classification Scientific purpose Chemical structure The main difference between organic and inorganic chemistry Organic compounds: – must contain a carbon atom in its structure […]

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Biology 103 Inorganic Chemistry

matter Anything that takes up space and has mass matter Consists of chemical elements in pure form and in combinations and is composed of incredibly tiny particles called atoms and molecules Element A substance that cannot be broken down to other substances by ordinary chemical reactions. Today we recognize____ elements that occur naturally in nature. […]

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Inorganic Chemistry Test 1

• Haber-bosh Process o Process that uses Fe-based inorganic catalysts to promote NH3 (ammonia) production • Ziegler Natta polymerization o Process used in polymer production (such as polyethylene) • Rydberg formula o Delta(E) = Rh*(1/ni^2-1/nf^2). Constitutes the emission spectrum of hydrogen • Schrödinger equation o Describes wave properties of electron in terms of position, mass, […]

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Physical and inorganic chemistry chapter 2 stoichiometry

Avogadro’s number 6.022 x 10^23. example: 1 mol of C =6.022 x 10^23, 1 mol of HCl= 6.022 x 10^23, 2 mol of NaCl= 2 x 6.022 x 10^23 Number of Cl- ions in 2 moles of MgCl2 = 2 x 2 x 6.022 x 10^23 Number of Mg2+ ions in 1 mol of MgCl2 […]

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Acid-Base Inorganic Chemistry (Chapter 6)

Arrhenius Acid PRODUCES H+ (H₃O+ ions) Arrhenius Base PRODUCES OH- Bronsted-Lowry Acid H+ DONOR Bronsted-Lowry Base H+ ACCEPTOR Bronsted-Lowry general Acid-Base reaction focuses on what? Transfer of H+ (Focuses on H+ moving around) Deprotonation Loss of a proton Conjugate Acid Has an extra H+ (Example: NH₄⁺ is the conjugate acid of NH₃) Conjugate Base Lost […]

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Inorganic Chemistry Final Review

Chemistry The study of the composition, structure, and properties of matter, the processes that matter undergoes, any energy changes that accompany these processes Organic chemistry The study of most carbon containing compounds Inorganic chemistry The study of non-organic substances, many of which have organic fragments bonded to metals Physical chemistry The study of the properties […]

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Inorganic Chemistry Exam 3

tetrahedral void 0.225r octahedral void 0.414r cubic void 0.732r Polymorphism The ability to adopt different crystal forms under different conditions of pressure and temperature Alloy Blend of metallic elements prepared by mixing molten components and then cooling to produce a solid Interstitial solid solutions Formed between metals and small atoms that can occupy voids while […]

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Inorganic Chemistry- COMMON Names of Chemicals

Grain alcohol Ethyl alcohol or ethanol C2H5OH Wood alcohol Methyl alcohol or methanol CH3OH Ammonia water Ammonium hydroxide solution NH4OH Aqua Fortis Eau forte Aqua Fuerte Concentrated nitric acid HNO3 Aqua Regia 1 part Nitric acid + 3 parts Hydrochloric acid Baking soda Sodium bicarbonate NaHCO3 Baryte Barium hydroxide Ba(OH)2 Bauxite Impure Aluminum oxide Al2O3 […]

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Chapter 1– Introduction to Inorganic Chemistry

Maximum number of bonds between two carbon atoms 3 How do inorganic compounds form quadruple bonds? Sigma bond + pi bond + pi bond + delta bond Why can metals form the delta bond? Possible because of the d orbital Hydrogen in organic vs. inorganic *Organic:* terminal, single bonded *Inorganic:* often act as bridges in […]

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Biology Unit 1 Inorganic Chemistry Vocab Quiz

atomic number The number of protons in an atom mass number /atomic mass The sum of the number of protons plus neutrons in an atom ion An atom that carries either a positive or a negative charge. It is formed when the number of e´ is not equal to the number of protons in the […]

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The Inorganic Chemistry

What are the two kinds of mixtures? What is a solution? -A solution occurs when molecules of the substance are evenly dispersed among molecules of another substance. -Homogeneous and Heterogeneous are the two forms of mixture What is a mixture? The combination of two or more substances that are not chemically bonded and not fixed […]

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Inorganic Chemistry: Section 1-1

Chemistry The study of matter and the changes matter undergoes. Organic Chemistry The study of carbon. Inorganic Chemistry The study of matter and all of the elements except carbon. Physical chemistry The study of properties and changes of matter and their reaction to energy Analytical chemistry The identification of the components and composition of materials […]

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Chapter 2: Inorganic Chemistry

Matter is anything that ________. takes up space and has mass Atom Smallest particle of an element that still retains the properties of an element. Three States of Matter Solid, Liquid, Gas Atoms are made up of three subatomic particles: _______, ________, and ______ Neutron – Neutral Charge Proton – Positive Charge Electron – Negative […]

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Inorganic Chemistry ACS: Study Guide

Ionization energy energy required to remove the least tightly bound electron from a neutral atom in the gas phase periodic trend of ionization energy highest at top right-smaller electron=harder to remove Why is a half filled subshell so stable? it serves to maximize the stabilizing interactions while minimizing the destabilizing interactions among electrons exchange interaction […]

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Difference Between Organic And Inorganic Chemistry

atom smallest unit of an element compound constant compositon. can be broken down isotope atom sam element differs in mass molecule two or more atoms held by chemical bonds solution homogenous mixture. 2 or more substances solute less quantity than solvent solvent larger quantity of solution analytical chemistry analysis of matter to determine its composition/quantity […]

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Chapter 2: The Chemical Basis of Life 2.3 Inorganic Chemistry

inorganic chemistry generally substances that do not contain carbon such as water oxygen calcium phosphate and metal ions it also includes carbon monoxide carbon dioxide and bicarbonate organic chemistry study of carbon containing substances those that are biologically active are called biochemicals water formed when an atom of oxygen forms polar covalent bonds with two […]

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Inorganic Chemistry

Cation positively charged atom or group of atoms Anion negatively charged atom or group of atoms physical chemistry A discipline that attempts to explain the way in which matter behaves solution a homogenous (uniform) mixture of two or more substances solute A component of a solution that is present in lesser quantity than the solvent […]

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Inorganic Chemistry 8/8

Which of the following is NOT true for the Group 1A elements They are named alkaline earth metals Which statement about the four quantum numbers which describe electrons in atoms is INCORRECT L= subsidiary (or azimuthal) quantum number, l=1,2,3…, (n+1) If the reaction A has an activation energy of 250 kJ and the reaction B […]

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Inorganic Chemistry Chapter 11

Gas Expand to fill their container Liquids Retain volume, but not shape Solids Retain volume and shape Physical state of molecule depends on.. ▪ Average kinetic energy of particles ▪ Intermolecular Forces Physical properties of gases, liquids and solids determined by.. ▪ How tightly molecules are packed together ▪ Strength of attractions between molecules Converting […]

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Inorganic Chemistry Final Exam Review

chemistry the study of the composition, structure, and properties of matter; the processes that matter undergoes; and the energy changes that accompany these processes extensive properties depend on the amount of matter that is present (volume, mass) intensive properties do not depend on the amount of matter present (melting point, boiling point, density) solid has […]

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Inorganic Chemistry and Bonding

Inorganic Chemistry the study of matter and the changes that those chemicals undergo; includes the study of salts, metals, and other compounds (like water) that do NOT have carbon as a central atom. Atoms the building blocks of matter matter anything that has a mass (made up of particles) and a volume (takes up space); […]

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