Inorganic Chemistry Flashcards

Organic And Inorganic Chemistry Flashcard

ionic bond A chemical bond resulting from the attraction between oppositely charged ions. Metal+ Non metal covalent bond A chemical bond formed when two atoms share electrons . Non metal + Non metal polar covalent bond unequal sharing of electrons non polar covalent bond equal sharing of electrons hydrogen bond A type of weak chemical […]

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Inorganic chemistry crossword puzzle

ionic bonds where an element acquires an electron and the other element losses an electron are termed ___ bonds seven pH of a neutral solution None number of neutrons in a typical hydrogen atom aldehyde This functional group has a double bond oxygen with a terminal carbon Eight Maximum number of electrons that the second […]

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Inorganic vs Organic Chemistry

Organic chemistry Study of molecules that contain carbon compounds Inorganic chemistry Study of all compounds that do not contain carbon compounds Key differences between organic and inorganic chemistry Chemical structure Chemical classification Scientific purpose Chemical structure The main difference between organic and inorganic chemistry Organic compounds: – must contain a carbon atom in its structure […]

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Inorganic Chemistry Test 1

• Haber-bosh Process o Process that uses Fe-based inorganic catalysts to promote NH3 (ammonia) production • Ziegler Natta polymerization o Process used in polymer production (such as polyethylene) • Rydberg formula o Delta(E) = Rh*(1/ni^2-1/nf^2). Constitutes the emission spectrum of hydrogen • Schrödinger equation o Describes wave properties of electron in terms of position, mass, […]

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Inorganic Chemistry – Exam 1

Chemical A substance that has the same composition and properties wherever it is found. Chemistry The study of the composition, structure, properties, and reactions of matter. Conclusion An explanation of an observation that has been validated by repeated experiments that support a hypothesis. Experiment A procedure that tests the validity of a hypothesis Hypothesis An […]

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Unit 2 Inorganic Chemistry-Biology

Inorganic does not contain carbon and hydrogen element substance that cannot be separated into a simpler substance; examples: carbon, oxygen, gold. atom the smallest portion of an element proton (+) positively charged subatomic particle located in the nucleus neutron neutrally (0) charged subatomic particle located in the nucleus electron negatively(-) charged subatomic particle located outside […]

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Inorganic Chemistry- COMMON Names of Chemicals

Grain alcohol Ethyl alcohol or ethanol C2H5OH Wood alcohol Methyl alcohol or methanol CH3OH Ammonia water Ammonium hydroxide solution NH4OH Aqua Fortis Eau forte Aqua Fuerte Concentrated nitric acid HNO3 Aqua Regia 1 part Nitric acid + 3 parts Hydrochloric acid Baking soda Sodium bicarbonate NaHCO3 Baryte Barium hydroxide Ba(OH)2 Bauxite Impure Aluminum oxide Al2O3 […]

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Biology 103 Inorganic Chemistry

matter Anything that takes up space and has mass matter Consists of chemical elements in pure form and in combinations and is composed of incredibly tiny particles called atoms and molecules Element A substance that cannot be broken down to other substances by ordinary chemical reactions. Today we recognize____ elements that occur naturally in nature. […]

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Inorganic Chemistry And The Periodic Table Test Questions

Positive test for decomposition of nitrates Brown toxic gas/ glowing splint is relit Disproportionation An element in a single species being simultaneously oxidised and reduced Ionisation energy …… down Group 2 Decreases Ionic precipitation reaction Reaction producing a solid precipitate when 2 solutions are mixed that contain ions Charge or group 2 element ions 2+ […]

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Inorganic Chemistry – Acids, Bases, and Buffers

pH a measure of the concentration of hydrogen ions in a solution Alkalinity a quantitative measurement of the ability of an aqueous solution to neutralize an acid. The 2 ions produced by the ionization of water are: Hydroxide (OH-) and Hydronium (H3O+) Ionization of water formula: 2(H2O)H3O+ + OH- Simplified Ionization of water formula: H2O […]

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Inorganic Chemistry Final Review

Chemistry The study of the composition, structure, and properties of matter, the processes that matter undergoes, any energy changes that accompany these processes Organic chemistry The study of most carbon containing compounds Inorganic chemistry The study of non-organic substances, many of which have organic fragments bonded to metals Physical chemistry The study of the properties […]

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Inorganic Chemistry: Coordination Chemistry

Crystal Field Theory Designed for coordination compounds: Ligands+ Metal ion (+charge) Orbital Energy Determined by ligand number, compound structure, and electric field strength of ligands Nucleophilicity order of ligands 1. Across a row: C⁻>N⁻>O⁻>F⁻ since increasing electronegativity decreases the lone pair availability. 2. Comparing same atom: higher electron density increases nucleophilicity (HO⁻>H₂O) 3. Within a […]

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Inorganic Chemistry Exam 3

tetrahedral void 0.225r octahedral void 0.414r cubic void 0.732r Polymorphism The ability to adopt different crystal forms under different conditions of pressure and temperature Alloy Blend of metallic elements prepared by mixing molten components and then cooling to produce a solid Interstitial solid solutions Formed between metals and small atoms that can occupy voids while […]

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Physical and inorganic chemistry chapter 2 stoichiometry

Avogadro’s number 6.022 x 10^23. example: 1 mol of C =6.022 x 10^23, 1 mol of HCl= 6.022 x 10^23, 2 mol of NaCl= 2 x 6.022 x 10^23 Number of Cl- ions in 2 moles of MgCl2 = 2 x 2 x 6.022 x 10^23 Number of Mg2+ ions in 1 mol of MgCl2 […]

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Acid-Base Inorganic Chemistry (Chapter 6)

Arrhenius Acid PRODUCES H+ (H₃O+ ions) Arrhenius Base PRODUCES OH- Bronsted-Lowry Acid H+ DONOR Bronsted-Lowry Base H+ ACCEPTOR Bronsted-Lowry general Acid-Base reaction focuses on what? Transfer of H+ (Focuses on H+ moving around) Deprotonation Loss of a proton Conjugate Acid Has an extra H+ (Example: NH₄⁺ is the conjugate acid of NH₃) Conjugate Base Lost […]

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Unit 2a- Inorganic Chemistry

Atom the basic unit of matter. Comes from the Greek word meaning “unable to cut” Nucleus The center of an atom made of protons and neutrons. Protons Subatomic particles with a positive charge electrons Subatomic particles with a negative charge Valence Electrons Electrons in the outer shell of an atom. These electrons are used to […]

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Biology Inorganic Chemistry (Bourgeois)

ball and stick model name the model/formula structural formula name the model/formula .. .. O / H H space filling model name the model/ formula molecular formula name the model/formula matter anything that has mass and takes up space volume amount of space an object takes up covalent bond intramolecular bond between two nonmetals where […]

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The Inorganic Chemistry

What are the two kinds of mixtures? What is a solution? -A solution occurs when molecules of the substance are evenly dispersed among molecules of another substance. -Homogeneous and Heterogeneous are the two forms of mixture What is a mixture? The combination of two or more substances that are not chemically bonded and not fixed […]

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Inorganic Chemistry Test 3

Intramolecular Bonding bonding that occurs within molecules Intermolecular Bonding bonding that occurs between or among molecules London Dispersion Forces an accidental instantaneous dipole that occurs in an atom and can affect neighboring atoms Polarizability indicates the ease with which the electron cloud of an atom can be distorted to give a dipolar charge distribution (high […]

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Inorganic Chemistry I Chapter 14+15

Reversible when a reaction can proceed both directions it is known as dynamic equilibrium the condition in which the rate of the forward reaction equals the rate of the reverse reaction. equilibrium constant (K) the ratio at equilibrium of the concentrations of the products raised to their stoichiometric coefficients divided by the concentratoins of the […]

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Chapter 1– Introduction to Inorganic Chemistry

Maximum number of bonds between two carbon atoms 3 How do inorganic compounds form quadruple bonds? Sigma bond + pi bond + pi bond + delta bond Why can metals form the delta bond? Possible because of the d orbital Hydrogen in organic vs. inorganic *Organic:* terminal, single bonded *Inorganic:* often act as bridges in […]

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