Chemistry Flashcards

PHOSPHATIDYLINOSITOL,1,2-DIPALMITOYL C41H79O13P structure

Molecular Formula C41H79O13P Average mass 811.032 Da Density 1.1±0.1 g/cm3 Boiling Point 831.4±75.0 °C at 760 mmHg Flash Point 456.6±37.1 °C Molar Refractivity 212.9±0.4 cm3 Polarizability 84.4±0.5 10-24cm3 Surface Tension 51.5±5.0 dyne/cm Molar Volume 707.0±5.0 cm3

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3-Amino-1-pyrenol C16H11NO structure

Molecular Formula C16H11NO Average mass 233.265 Da Density 1.4±0.1 g/cm3 Boiling Point 507.3±25.0 °C at 760 mmHg Flash Point 260.6±23.2 °C Molar Refractivity 78.6±0.3 cm3 Polarizability 31.2±0.5 10-24cm3 Surface Tension 82.7±3.0 dyne/cm Molar Volume 162.7±3.0 cm3 Predicted – ACD/Labs Predicted – ChemAxon Predicted data is generated using the ACD/Labs Percepta Platform – PhysChem Module Density: […]

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z- Vitamin Table

Vitamin A o   General Roles §  Vision, Growth, Reproduction o   Symptoms or Deficiency of Disease §  Nyctalopia, xerophthalmia, keratomalacia   Vitamin D2, D3 o   General Roles §  Modulation of Ca2+ metabolism, calcification of bone and teeth o   Symptoms or Deficiency of Disease §  Rickets (young), Osteomalacia (adult) Vitamin E o   General Roles §  Antioxidant for […]

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z- Pentose Phosphate Pathway

G6P to 6-Phosphoglucono-lambda-lactone glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase 6-Phosphoglucono-lambda-lactone to 6-Phosphogluconate 6-phosphoglucono lactonase 6-Phosphogluconate to Ru5P 6-phosphogluconate dehydrogenase glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase G6P to 6-Phosphoglucono-lambda-lactone Side product: NADP+ –> NADPH + H+ 6-phosphoglucono lactonase 6-Phosphoglucono-lambda-lactone to 6-Phosphogluconate Side product: H20 –> H+ 6-phosphogluconate dehydrogenase 6-Phosphogluconate to Ru5P Side product: NADP+ –> NADPH + H+

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z- Glycolysis and Fructose metabolism Enzymes

Hexokinase Glucose to G6P(Mg2+ ATP –> ADP) and Fructose to F6P Phosphoglucose isomerase (PGI) G6P to F6P Phosphofructo kinase (PFK) F6P to FBP(Mg2+ ATP –> ADP)Main regulation step Adolase FBP to GAP + DHAP Triosephosphate isomerase (TIM) DHAP to GAP Glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH) GAP to 1,3 BPG(NAD+ + pi -> NADH + H+) Phosphoglycerate Kinase […]

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z-Test #1 – Chemistry

Describe Southern Blotting 1. Gel electrophoresis of DNA fragments2. NaOH denature and blot into nitrocellulose filter3.Incubate the nitrocellulose bound DNA with 32P labeled DNA or RNA of specific sequences complimentary to DNA4. Wash unbound probe away Sucrose Hetero: aGlucose 1->2 bFructose Lactose Hetero: bGalactose 1->4 bGlucose Cellulose Homo: bGlucose 1->4 bGlucose Chitin Homo: bNAcetylGlucose 1->4 […]

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z-PCAT – CHEM

E = hc/(lambda) Find energy with planck’s constant, the speed of light and the wavelength rate = k[A]^x [B]^y rate reaction A = Ao -(ko)(t) Zero order rate reaction k = M/sec At = Ao E^-kt First order k = 1/sec rate = k [A] [B] Second order rate reaction k = 1/M sec kc= […]

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Year 9 IGCSE Key Terms

acid rain rain with a pH less than 5.6; acid rain has been made more acidic than normal rain because sulfur oxides and nitrogen oxides have dissolved in it; acid rain causes damage to buildings made from limestone, damages metal structures, kills fish, damages leaves in trees so they photosynthesise less alkanes a homologous series […]

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Year 10 IGCSE Key Terms

acid any substance that produces hydrogen ions, H+, when dissolved in water acid rain rain with a pH less than 5.6; acid rain has been made more acidic than normal rain because sulfur oxides and nitrogen oxides have dissolved in it; acid rain causes damage to buildings made from limestone, damages metal structures, kills fish, damages […]

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WWU Chem 351 Chpt 3

Methylene Group       Homologs -CH2-         Members that difere in number of methylene groups Butane   What is the name for linear butane?  For branched butane? C4H10   “n-butane” (n-denotes carbon on mother chain it’s attached to) ; “iso-butane” b/c it’s a branched isomer What is the IUPAC Rule regarding […]

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naming acids and bases

HF Hydrofluoric Acid HCl Hydrochloric Acid HBr Hydrobromic Acid HI Hydriodic Acid HClO4 Perchloric Acid HClO3 Chloric Acid HClO2 Chlorous Acid HClO Hypochlorous Acid NaOH Sodium Hydroxide Mg(OH)2 Magnesium Hydroxide Ca(OH)2 Calcium Hydroxide NH4OH Ammonium Hydroxide H2CO3 Carbonic Acid H2SO3 Sulfurous Acid H2SO4 Sulfuric Acid HNO3 Nitric Acid CH3COOH Acetic Acid HCN Hydrocyanic Acid KOH […]

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WPUNJ AP1 Chapter 2 – Leonard

All living things are composed of ______. matter Define: Matter anything that occupies space and has mass Matter exits in what 3 states? solid, liquid, gas Define: Weight force of gravity acting on mass Define: Energy capacity to do work What does the Law of Conservation of Energy state? Energy cannot be created nor destroyed; […]

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wound repair

what are the 3 participants in tissue creation? who are the main participants? cells, matrix, and cytokines. cells are the main participants what are the characteristics of cells in the process of wound repair? cells are the workers, sythesizing extracellular matrix and affecting its creation, they are regulated by cytokines, they also synthesize and release […]

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World of Chemistry: Food

What 2 countries are the most profitable for McDonald’s? 1. The US 2. France  Who has 1/2 of the worlds non-nutritive sweetner consumption? The USA. Also, not all non-nutritive sweetners are calorie free. What was the first artificial sweetner, and how/who was it discovered by? Saccharin. Discovered from Ira Ramsen’s task to work on the […]

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WOC: Food Midterm 2

3 Guidelines to Avoiding Heart Disease Moderation is key: 1. Eat less 2. Eat plants 3. Exercise Causes of Overweight / Obesity Overconsumption and living a sedentary lifestyle Diet Now an important health concern in North America; food used to be analyzed based solely on taste, but now eating has become a “clinical experience” involving […]

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Westgard rule and Misc

Match the vitamin with the characteristic seen in a deficiency state:Vitamin A Night blindness Match the vitamin with the characteristic seen in a deficiency state:Vitamin B1 Beriberi Match the vitamin with the characteristic seen in a deficiency state:Vitamin C Scurvy Match the vitamin with the characteristic seen in a deficiency state:Vitamin D Rickets Match the […]

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Week One Biochem Review

Our genetic code is made up of DNA and are expressed in the phenotype as a __________. protein What are the four characteristics of our DNA? Universal, unambiguous, redundant, non-overlapping & commaless The genetic code consists of bases, these bases comprise _________. codons The four bases are: A (adenine), T (thymine), C (cytosine), and G […]

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Waves, Energy in atoms, Quantum Numbers, Periodic Trends

Transverse Waves amplitude/crest is perpendicular to the origin  most common type of wave like at the ocean  Frequency   “Nu” HERTZ how many waves go through a point in one second frequency is like standing on a road and seeing how many cars pass by. ex. the frequency of cars on Rt. 8 is greater […]

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WashU Chemistry Review

Precision A measure of how closely individual measurements agree with one another. Accuracy Refers to how closely individual measurements agree with the correct or true value. Significant Figures: Digits that are significant:   Non-zero digits are always significant. Any zeros between two non-zero digits are significant. A final zero or trailing zeros in the decimal […]

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VSEPR Theory

2 groups, 2 bonded groups, 0 lone pairs, 180 domain geometry: linearspecies shape: linear 3 groups, 3 bonded groups, 0 lone pairs, 120 domain geometry: trigonal planarspecies shape: trigonal planar 3 groups, 2 bonded groups, 1 lone pairs, <120 domain geometry: trigonal planarspecies shape: angular (bent) 4 groups, 4 bonded groups, 0 lone pairs, 109.5 […]

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Vocabulary

Endothermic a reaction in which energy is absorbed Exothermic a reaction in which energy is released Evaporation change of a substance from liquid to gas Halogens highly active metals in group 17 Alkali highly active metals in group 1 Alkaline Earth highly active metals in group 2 Hydronium Ions the ion that makes a solution […]

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