Biology – Genetics

allele Form of a gene. Each characteristic has two alleles. recessive trait that will only appear in the phenotype if organism inherits two of them; covered up by the dominant gene gamete sex cell; sperm or egg adenine A base thats found in DNA. It will only bond with Thymine. amino acid Building blocks of […]

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Genetics Vocabulary

hybrid An organism that has two different alleles for a trait. dominant An allele whose trait always shows up in the organism when it is present. gene The set of information that controls a trait; code in the DNA. alleles The different forms of a gene. heredity The passing of traits from parents to offspring. […]

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5th grade genetics

Recessive trait weaker trait chromosomes threadlike strands inside of nucleus, made of DNA. DNA chemical that genes and chromosomes are made of genes controls the trait of an organism dominant trait the strong trait that is apparent in an organism punnett square chart showing the possible gene combination in a cross between two organism Gregor […]

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Genetics

Gene (genetics) a segment of DNA that is involved in producing a polypeptide chain Allele Alternative form of a gene Trait A characteristic that an organism can pass on to its offspring through its genes. Genotype An organism’s genetic makeup. Phenotype An organism’s physical appearance, or visible traits. Gamete Haploid cells (n) produced by diploid […]

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Fundamentals of Genetics

Heredity Passing of traits from parents to offspring Genetics Branch of biology that studies heredity Monohybrid Cross A cross between individuals that involves one pair of contrasting traits True-Breeding All of the offspring display only one form of a particular trait P Generation First two individuals crossed in a breeding experiment F1 Generation Offspring of […]

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DNA Webquest: A self guided introduction to basic genetics

Every living thing needs a set of instructions that are necessary to live and grow. Where are these instructions found? DNA What does DNA encode? protein DNA is an abbreviation for deoxyribonucleic acid The twisted ladder shape of DNA is called double helix We have 26 letters in our alphabet. How many letters does DNA […]

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Genetics (Year 11)

DNA Deoxyribonucleic acid; The genetic material that carries information about an organism and is passed from parent to offspring. Gene A segment of DNA found on a chromosome that determines the inheritance of a particular character Chromosome Thread like structures, made of DNA and contains many genes Alleles Different forms of a gene for a […]

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Genetics

genetics The scientific study of heredity Gregor Mendel Augustinian monk and botanist whose experiments in breeding garden peas led to his eventual recognition as founder of the science of genetics (1822-1884) trait specific physical characteristic that varies from one individual to another gene section of DNA that codes for a specific trait hybrid a genotype […]

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IB BIOLOGY GENETICS

Gene a heritable factor that controls a specific characteristic. Allele one specific form of a gene, differeing from other alleles by one or a few bases only and occupying the same locus as other alleles of the gene. Genome The whole of the genetic information of an organism gene mutation a change in the base […]

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