Anatomy and Physiology Flashcards

Pearson Anatomy & Physiology (Tenth Edition) Ch. 1

Anatomy The study of body structure Physiology Study of function Macroscopic Anatomy Study of relatively large structures (ex organs and organ systems) Microscopic Anatomy deals with structures too small to be seen with the naked eye Cytology Study of the cells Histology study of tissues Embryology study of embryos and their development Renal Physiology concerns […]

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Tissues Vet. Anatomy and Physiology

Tissue groups of cells that have specialized structural and functional roles Epithelial tissue covers organs, lines the inside of body cavities and hollow organs Basement membrane thin, nonliving layer that attaches epithelial tissue to connective tissue Simple squamous epithelium single layer, reduces friction, in the inner lining of the lung, the filtration membrane of the […]

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Chapter 23 – Human Anatomy & Physiology (Vocabulary)

Digestive system Takes in food, breaks it down into nutrient molecules, absorbs these molecules into the bloodstream, and rids the body of the indigestible remains. Alimentary canal, gastrointestinal (GI) tract or gut The continuous, muscular digestive tube that winds through the body. It digests food and absorbs the digested fragments through its lining into the […]

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Human Anatomy & Physiology: The Eye

sclera retina choroid iris pupil optic disc Blind spot on the retina. cornea lens tunics Another term used for the walls of the eyeball. The cornea is avascular. Why can the cornea be easily transplanted into a person? vascular Consisting of blood vessels. avascular Lack of blood vessels. The dark middle tunic contains melanin. What […]

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Biology 2401: Anatomy & Physiology PNS

anterior gray horns lateral gray horns posterior gray horns anterior funiculi lateral funiculi posterior funiculi central canal gray commissure anterior median fissure posterior median sulcus epidural space dura mater *5* arachnoid mater *4* subarachnoid mater pia mater *3* dorsal root sensory (afferent) dorsal root ganglion sensory (afferent) ventral root motor (somatic) spinal nerve dorsal ramus […]

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Cardiovascular System Vet. Anatomy and Physiology

Heart Muscular hollow organ with four chambers Base wide top portion where the atria are found and the major vessels enter and exit the heart Apex pointed end of the heart that is where the left and right ventricle are found Auricles ear shaped appendages of either atrium of the heart Intraventricular sulci the borders […]

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Reproduction Vet. Anatomy and Physiology

Deoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA) The genetic material of a living thing found in strands called chromatin within the nucleus of the cell Chromatin A material that is composed of DNA and proteins and makes up chromosomes Chromosomes Threadlike accumulations of DNA in the nuclei of cells and contain genetic material of the cell Diploid Expressed with […]

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Human Anatomy & Physiology: Chapter 10 Blood

sticky opaque metallic/salty taste heavier than water alkaline, pH between 7.35-7.45 Physical characteristics of blood: connective Blood is a type of _______ tissue. hematopoiesis Process of blood cell formation within the red bone marrow. diapedesis Process by which WBCs leave and enter blood vessels. erythrocytes Red blood cells Carry gases & nutrients, Regulating pH, Maintaining […]

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Anatomy and Physiology – Cell Biology

Replication The process by which DNA makes a copy of itself, occurs in nucleus 1) Helicase unwinds DNA strand and unzips it down the middle 2) DNA polymerase reads the unwound strands and lays down corresponding nitrogenous bases 3) Helicase zips strands back up and winds them into helix 4) Results in 2 identical DNA […]

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Integument System Vet. Anatomy and Physiology

Epidermis The most superficial layer of the skin, composed of keratinized stratified squamous epithelium Dermis Middle layer of the skin, tough, leathery layer composed of dense fibroelastic connective tissue, also called the corium Hypodermis/Subcutaneous Deepest layer of the skin, acts as a thermoinsulator and a mechanical shock absorber Arrector Pili Smooth muscles that connect hair […]

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Visual system anatomy and Physiology

what’s Sclera the outermost layer of the eye and is a tough white fibrous tissue Sclera muscles Pupil The pupil is an opening that allows light to enter the eye. Cornea A transparent gelatinous structure in front of Iris which allows light in.it is nourished by the aqueous humour The anterior chamber. The space beteen […]

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BIOLOGY, Human Anatomy and Physiology

List the 12 organ systems 1. Nervous system 2. Endocrine system 3. Circulatory system 4. Lymphatic system 5. Immune system 6. Digestive system 7. Urinary system 8. Skeletal system 9. Muscular system 10. Respiratory system 11. Intergumentary system (skin) 12. Reproductive system List the tissue types – Muscle – Nervous – Epithelial – Connective List […]

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Visual Anatomy & Physiology Ch 5

integument skin integumentary system skin; includes two major components: cutaneous membrane and accessory structures cutaneous membrane includes epidermis and dermis functions of integumentary system 1 – protection; 2 – vitamin D3 synthesis; 3 – excretion; 4 – sensation; 5 – temperature regulation; 6 – produce melanin (protection from ultraviolet radiation from sun); 7 – produce […]

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Anatomy & Physiology: Muscles

Frontalis (Frontal Belly) Description: Part of the Epicranius, above each eyebrow, starts at the top of the nose Action: Raises eyebrows, wrinkles brow Occipitalis (Occipital Belly) Description: Part of the epicranius, back of the skull. Action: Pull scalp posteriously Platysma Description: From bottom of chin, down neck to top of the chest Action: Tenses skin […]

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Human muscle Anatomy and Physiology

Frontalis Pulls up eyebrows Orbicularis oculi Closes eye Orbicularis Oris Pucker Zygomaticus Smile Buccinator Compresses cheeks (fish face) Platysma Frown Sternocleidomastoid Pulls head to side Masseter Chewing Temporalis Raises mandible Occipitalis Connects to frontalis to help raise the eyebrows Deltoid Prime mover of arm abduction Rhomboideus major Adduction of scapula (moves scapula towards the vertebral […]

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Introduction to Human Anatomy and Physiology

anatomy branch of science concerned with structure of the body physiology branch of science that deals with functions of living organisms and their parts anatomical position standing straight, facing forward, arms at sides with palms forward superior toward the head, upper inferior away from head, below anterior toward the front, in front of ventral What […]

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Biology Anatomy and Physiology Terms

organ a part of an organism that is typically self-contained and has a specific vital function. organ system a group of organs that work together to perform one or more function. organism the material structure of an individual life form hormonal modification a substance produced by one tissue and conveyed by the bloodstream to another […]

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Respiratory System Vet. Anatomy and Physiology

Internal Respiration The exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide between the blood in the capillaries all over the body and all of the cells and tissues of the body External Respiration Occurs in the lungs, the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide between the air inhaled into the lungs and the blood flowing through the […]

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human anatomy and physiology muscles

trapezius deltoid infraspinatus supraspinatus teres minor teres major latissimus dorsi biceps brachii brachialis brachioradialis triceps brachii extensor carpi radialis longus extensor carpi ulnaris extensor digitorum flexor carpi radialis flexor carpi ulnaris pronator teres supinator psoas major iliacus gluteus maximus gluteus medius iliotibial tract piriformis biceps femoris gracilis rectus femoris vastus lateralis vastus medialis vastus intermedius […]

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Urinary System Vet. Anatomy and Physiology

Urinary System Removes all soluble waste products from the blood and transports them out of the body Kidneys Make urine, Help maintain homeostasis by regulating body acid-base and fluid-electrolyte balance Ureter Continuously move urine from the kidneys to the urinary bladder by peristalsis Urinary Bladder Collects, stores, and releases urine Urethra Conducts urine out of […]

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Visual Anatomy & Physiology Ch 7

tibia medial leg bone carpal bones wrist bones scapula shoulder blade tarsal bones ankle bones sternum breastbone; flat bone forms in aterior midline of thoracic wall; has three distinct regions usually fuse together during adulthood mandible lower jaw bone fibula lateral leg bone femur thigh bone ulna medial forearm bone clavicle collar bone radius lateral […]

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