Anatomy and Physiology Flashcards

human anatomy and physiology: chapter 1 pearson

anatomy studies the structure of the body Physiology studies the function of the body parts atom, molecule,organelle,cell,tissue,organ,organ system, organism The organization of an organism cells smallest unit of living things tissues a group of similar cells that have a common function organ structure composed of at least 2 tissue types that performs a specific function […]

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Chapter 20 21 Lymphatic System and Immunity Pearson Marieb Anatomy and Physiology

A “nonself” substance that can provoke an immune response is called a(n) Antigen Active artificially acquired immunity is a result of Vaccination Complement proteins work by Forming pores in the membranes of target cells Cytotoxic T cells kill target cells Through insertion of perforins into the target’s membrane Lymphocytes that develop immunocompetence in the thymus […]

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1. An Overview of Anatomy and Physiology

Define Anatomy It is the study of the structure of body parts and their relationships to one another. Explain why Anatomy if concrete? Body structures can be seen, felt, and examined. Define Physiology: It concerns the functions of the body and how the body works and carry out their life-sustaining activities. Explain why Physiology is […]

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Pearson Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 4

tissues groups of cells similar in structure that perform common or related function histology study of tissues Four basic tissue types: epithelial, connective, muscle, nervous Fixed: tissue is preserved Sectioned tissue is cut into slices thin enough to transmit light or electrons stained a dye is used to enhance contrast artifacts distortions in preserved tissue […]

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NLN- Anatomy & Physiology

Digestion Breaking down of nutrients into small, soluable molecules that can be absorbed into the blood mechanical digestion the physical breakdown of food into smaller pieces (chewing increases surface area-easier to swallow) chemical digestion the digestion process in which enzymes are used to break foods into their smaller chemical buiding blocks hydrolysis Breaking down complex […]

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Pearson Anatomy & Physiology (Tenth Edition) Ch. 2

Matter anything that takes up space and has mass Mass the amount of matter in an object and it remains constant wherever the object is. Energy the capacity to do work, or to put matter into motion. Kinetic Energy Energy in motion Potential Energy stored energy that has the capability to do work but is […]

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Human Anatomy and Physiology Tissues

epithelial tissue tissue: cells are avascular (closely packed together, little or no intercellular material between adjacent cells); major roles include secretion, absorption, protection, and synthesizing hormones; covers external body surfaces and lines inner walls of cavities and organs; has basement membrane (attachment) and free surface (exposed side); classified by shape and layer squamous epithelium: flat […]

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Anatomy & Physiology: What is Anatomy & Physiology?

The study of the human body began with the earlies humans because Of their concern with illness and injury. What two languages form the basis for the language of anatomy and physiology? Latin, and Greek. The branch of science that studies the structure morphology of body parts is Anatomy. The branch of science that studies […]

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Anatomy and Physiology Ch. 17 Blood

What type of tissue is blood? Specialized connective tissue. What percentage of whole blood is plasma? 55% % of blood erythrocytes? 45% % of blood thrombocytes and leukocytes?

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Anatomy And Physiology Study Guide Test Questions

Anatomy The study of the structure or morphology of the body and how the body parts are organized. Physiology The study of the functions of body parts, what they do and how they do it. Pathology The study of the diseases of the body. Basic reference systems of bodily organization Directions, planes, cavities, and structural […]

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Anatomy and Physiology ATI Study

Which of the following bones is a component of the appendicular skeleton? a) Xyphoid process b) Symphysis pubis c) sacrum d) sternum a) Symphysis pubis Testosterone production is regulated by which of the following glands? a) Pineal b) Thymus c) Parathyroid d) Pituitary d) Pituitary Which of the following is the measurement of the percentage […]

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Anatomy & Physiology -2301

define anatomy the study of body structure define physiology the science of body functions define homeostasis keeping the organ system of the body in balance (maintaining a stable environment) functions of the liver filters blood & produces bile define surface anatomy the study of form & markings of the surface, explored by visualizing define gross […]

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Anatomy and Physiology Chemistry

energy the capacity to do work kinetic energy energy of motion potential energy stored energy matter anything that takes up space and has mass atoms smallest part of an element that retains the property of an element proton positively charged (in nucleus) neutron no charge (in nucleus) electron negatively charged (in orbitals) element unique substance […]

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General Anatomy & Physiology

Anatomy The study of human body structure that can be seen with the naked eye and how the body parts are organized and the science of the structure of organisms or their parts. Physiology Study of the functions or activities performed by the body’s structures. Histology Also known as microscopic anatomy: The study of the […]

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Anatomy and Physiology Lecture #1

major themes of anatomy and physiology form and function, scientific method, human origins and adaptations Anatomy is… the study of form Ways of examining the human body inspection, palpation, auscultation, percussion inspection simply looking at the body’s appearance palpation feeling a structure with the hands auscultation listening to the natural sounds made by the body, […]

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Anatomy & Physiology – Basic Chemistry

Atom Smallest particle of an element that has the properties of that element Electron (e-) Extremely small particle; carries a negative electrical charge and is in constant motion around the nucleus of an atom Proton (p+) Relatively large particle; carries a positive electrical charge and is found within the nucleus of an atom Neutron (n0) […]

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Chapter 20 21 Lymphatic System and Immunity Pearson Marieb Anatomy and Physiology

A “nonself” substance that can provoke an immune response is called a(n) Antigen Active artificially acquired immunity is a result of Vaccination Complement proteins work by Forming pores in the membranes of target cells Cytotoxic T cells kill target cells Through insertion of perforins into the target’s membrane Lymphocytes that develop immunocompetence in the thymus […]

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MCAS Biology: Anatomy and Physiology

skeletal system system which creates new blood cells, protects vital organs, allows for movement, and stores calcium muscular system system which is responsible for moving bones and for moving materials inside the body (in your digestive system, also your heart!) digestive system system responsible for breaking food into small molecules that can be taken in […]

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Mcas Biology: Anatomy And Physiology Test Questions

skeletal system system which creates new blood cells, protects vital organs, allows for movement, and stores calcium muscular system system which is responsible for moving bones and for moving materials inside the body (in your digestive system, also your heart!) digestive system system responsible for breaking food into small molecules that can be taken in […]

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Visual Anatomy and Physiology: chapter 8

Synarthrosis immovable joint Suture interlocking line of union between bones synarthrosis Fibrous Gomphosis Fibrous cone shaped joint found in teeth synarthrosis Synchondrosis bones are bound by hyaline cartilage synarthrosis Cartilaginous Synostosis A completely ossified joint; a fused joint Bony joint synarthrosis Amphiarthrosis slightly movable Syndesmosis Bones connected by ligaments Fibrosis amphiathrosis Symphysis two bones joined […]

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Honors Biology Anatomy and Physiology

homeostasis Maintaining a stable internal environment. Ex- shivering/sweating feedback loop Regulates body condition to maintain homeostasis (ex: sweating when body temperature increases) digestion Breakdown of food into smaller molecules that can be used by cells for energy, repair, and growth. oral cavity Digestive System Organ: Food enters, digestion begins pharynx Digestive System Organ: Connects the […]

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