Anatomy and Physiology Flashcards

Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 5 and 6 Pearson

What is a nervous system cell called? neurons What are the “helper” nervous system cells called? Neuroglia What are the three (3) types of muscle? Skeletal Muscle,Smooth Muscle, Cardiac Muscle Which muscle types are voluntary and which are involuntary? V- skeletal I-Smooth and Cardiac Where would you normally find smooth muscle? Blood Vessels Where would […]

Read more
Anatomy, Physiology, and Disease (Pearson 1st Ed)

Abdomin/o Abdomen Aden/o Gland Angi/o Vessel Arthr/o Joint Cardi/o Heart Col/o Colon Cyan/o Blue Cyt/o Cell Derm/o Skin Erythr/o Red Gastr/o Stomach Glyc/o Sugar Hemat/o Blood Hepat/o Liver Hist/o Tissue Hydr/o Water Leuk/o white Mamm/o breast Nephr/o kidney Neur/o Nerve Oste/o Bone Phag/o Swallow Phleb/o & Ven/o Vein Path/o Disease Rhin/o Nose A and An […]

Read more
Anatomy and Physiology: Anatomical Position Outline

Anatomy The study of the structure of an organism and the relationships of its parts Physiology The study of the functions of living organisms and their parts Dissection Cutting apart the human body to isolate and study the structural components or parts of the human body Disease A result of abnormalities of the body structure […]

Read more
Anatomy and Physiology I

Anatomy the study of structure Physiology the study of function Palpation feeling a structure with the hands, such as palpating a swollen lymph node Auscultation listening to the natural sounds made by the body such as heart and lung sounds Percussion the examiner taps on the body, feels for abnormal resistance, and listens to the […]

Read more
Anatomy & Physiology: Chapter 2 & 3

The number of protons plus the number of neutrons Atomic weight (mass) A combination of two or more atoms of different elements Compound A small, negatively charged particle that orbits the nucleus Electron An atom that has gained or lost electrons, and thus carries an electrical charge Ion Atoms are held together by sharing electrons […]

Read more
Basic Anatomy and Physiology

Define anatomy the study of the structure of the human body Define physiology the science that deals with the function of the living organism Describe the anatomic position standing erect with feet together -facing the observer -arms at the sides with the palms forward mid-sagittal/ median divides the body into equal right and left proportions […]

Read more
Anatomy and Physiology Anatomic positions

ante brachial forearm antecubital front of elbow axillary armpit brachial upper arm buccal mouth cardiac heart cervical neck cranial head cutaneous skin deltoid shoulder femoral thigh frontal forehead gastric stomach gluteal buttocks hepatic liver iliac hip inguinal groin lumbar small of back mammary breast nasal nose occipital back of the head orbital eye parietal crown […]

Read more
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 1

Define Anatomy Study of the structure of an organism Define Physiology Study of the functions of a living organism What are the 10 Characteristics of Life 1. Responsiveness 2. Conductivity 3. Growth 4. Respiration 5. Digestion 6. Absorption 7. Secretion 8. Excretion 9. Circulation 10. Reproduction Responsiveness Permits an organism to sense, monitor, and respond […]

Read more
Anatomy And Physiology Anatomical Positions Test Questions

Anatomical Position The human body is erect, with the feet only slightly apart, head and toes pointed forward, and arms hanging at the sides with palms facing forward. When standing in the anatomical position, are the thumbs pointing medially (towards the midline of the body) or laterally (away from the midline of the body)? LATERALLY […]

Read more
Anatomy & Physiology Terminology

Anatomy is the science of body structures and the relationships among them. Physiology is the science of body functions. Embryology the study of: the first eight weeks of development after fertilization of a human egg. Developmental _________ Biology: the complete development of an individual from fertilization to death. Cell Cellular structures and functions. _________ Biology […]

Read more
Anatomy and Physiology Lab Anatomical Terminology(relative position)

Superior above another body part Inferior below another body part Anterior (ventral) towards the front Posterior (dorsal) towards the back Medial imaginary midline dividing the body into equal right and left halves Lateral toward the side, away from the midline Bilateral refers to paired structures, away from the midline(lungs are bilateral) Ipsilateral refers to structures […]

Read more
Anatomy & Physiology Test Questions

Disorder Any abnormality of structure or function. Disease more specific term for an illness characterized by a recognizable set of signs and symptoms. Symptoms Subjective changes in body functions that are not apparent to an observer. Signs Objective changes that a clinician can observe and measure. (EX – fever, rash) Epidemiology The science that deals […]

Read more
Anatomy physiology anatomical positions

dorsal toward to at the backside of the body medial toward or at the midline of the body on the inner side of the body lateral away from the midline of the body on the outer side of the body proximal close to the origin of the body party or the point go attachment of […]

Read more
Chapter 1 Human Anatomy And Physiology Pearson Answers

Gross/Macroscopic Anatomy Large structures and easily observable Microscopic Anatomy Very small structures and can only be viewed with a micrscope Cytology Form of microscopic anatomy. Considers cells of body Histology Form of microscopic anatomy. Study of tissues. Levels of Structural Organisms Chemical Level, Cellular Level, Tissue Level, Organ Level, Organ System, Organismal System Tissues Groups […]

Read more
Anatomy And physiology- Pearson 10

Levels of organization 1.Atomic (atoms/elements/ions) 2.Molecular (h2o/glucose/DNA) 3. Organelles (little organs/mitochondria) 4.Cellular (muscle cells/neurons) 5. Tissues (muscle tissue/nervous tissue) 6.Organ (heart,kidney,brain) 7.Organ system (digestive system) 8.Organism (us) What makes something alive? Maintaining boundaries, movement, responsiveness, digestion,metabolism, excretion,reproduction, growth Homeostasis The maintenance of a stable internal Enviromental, in response to a changing external environment Define A&P […]

Read more
Anatomy And Physiology: Anatomical Positions Flashcard

Superior Above Inferior Below Anterior, ventral In front of Posterior, dorsal Behind Medial Toward middle of body Lateral Away from middle of body Ipsilateral Same side Contralateral Opposite side Proximal Closer to trunk or some part Distal Farther from Superficial Near surface Deep More internal Peripheral Outside of trunk/superficial Transverse (horizontal) Divides body/structure into upper […]

Read more
Pearson Anatomy and Physiology Body Regions

Frontal Orbital Nasal Oral Mental Cervical Otic Occipital Cephalic Cervical Scapular Vertebral Lumbar Sacral Gluteal Perineal Hallux Plantar Digital Metatarsal Tarsal Calcaneal Sural Crural Popliteal Patellar Femoral Coxal Digital Fibular or Peroneal Pollex Palmar Metacarpal Carpal Antebrachial Olecranal Antecubital Brachial Acromial Thoracic Abdominal Sternal Axillary Mammary Umbilical Pelvic Inguinal Pubic Upper Limb Lower Limb Manus […]

Read more
Anatomy and Physiology Final Exam

Anatomy The study of the structure and shape of the body and body parts is called: Chemical, cellular, tissue, organ, organ system, organism Which of the following is the correct sequence, going from simplest to most complex? The lungs are lateral to the heart In describing the relationship of the lungs to the heart: anterior; […]

Read more
Human Anatomy and Physiology Vocabulary

covalent bond A chemical bond that involves sharing a pair of electrons between atoms in a molecule ionic bond chemical bond formed when one or more electrons are transferred from one atom to another hydrogen bond Attraction between a slightly positive hydrogen atom and a slightly negative atom. chemical compound a substance formed by the […]

Read more
Cosmetology Anatomy & Physiology

Study of the human body and the structures Anatomy Study of the functions of the body Physiology Study of tiny structures found in tissues ; AKA microscopic anatomy Histology Basic unit of all living things Cell What does the cell structure consist of? Protoplasm, Nucleus, Cytoplasm, Cell membrane Colorless jellylike substance found in cells Protoplasm […]

Read more
Anatomy and Physiology, chapter 1

Anatomy study of structure and shape of body parts and their relationship to one another Physiology Study of how the body and its body parts work and function Relationship between Anatomy and Physiology structure determines what function can occur, What occurs if the structure of a body part changes ? The function changes The cell […]

Read more

Get instant access to
all materials

Become a Member