Anatomy and Physiology

Anatomy & Physiology – Anatomical Positions

Superior Above another structure (the heart is superior to the stomach) Inferior Below another structure (the stomach is inferior to the heart) Anterior/Ventral Towards the front (belly) side of the body (The face is on the anterior surface of the body) Posterior/Dorsal Towards the back side of the body (The spine/shoulder blades are on the […]

Anatomy and Physiology; Anatomical Positions

prone lying face down (p) supine lying face up (s) superior a part of the body is above another part, or is closer to the head inferior a part is below another, or closer to the feet anterior towards the front posterior towards the back medial a body part is closer to the midline than […]

Anatomy and Physiology Anatomical Positioning

Anterior the front, before Posterior the back, behind Ventral the belly side (same as anterior wrt human body) Dorsal the butt side (same as posterior wrt human body) cranial/cephalic referring to the skull caudal at or near the posterior/tail end of the body inferior below, at a lower level superior above, at a higher level […]

Anatomy & Physiology – Ch. 1 Relative Positions & Body Sections

superior a body part is above another body part or is closer to the head inferior a body part is below another body part or is toward the feet anterior also means ventral; towards the front of the body posterior also means dorsal; towards the back of the body medial refers to an imaginary midline […]

Anatomy & Physiology: Anatomical Position

Posterior (Dorsal) toward or at the back of the body Anterior (Ventral) toward or at the front of the body Superior toward the head end upper part of a structure/body Inferior away from the head end toward the lower body parts Proximal closer to the origin of body part near to the point of attachment […]

Characteristics of life Anatomy & Physiology I

Movement is the ability to self-initiate position changes of either the entire organism or a part of the organism, externally from place to place and / or internally, such as in peristalsis. Responsiveness refers to the ability of an organism to detect changes either within itself or the environment surrounding it and then react to […]

Human Anatomy & Physiology 1 (Ch.2) – Basic Chemistry (Molecules, Compounds and Mixtures)

Molecule Particle composed of 2 or more atoms joined together by chemical bonds; atoms can either be the SAME OR DIFFERENT Molecule of an Element Atoms of the SAME element are joined e.g. H2 and O2 Molecule of a Compound Substance composed of 2 or more DIFFERENT atoms that are chemically bonded e.g H2O Mixture […]

Anatomy & Physiology – Chapter 2

elements substance composed of only one type of atom that cannot be broken into simpler constituents by chemical means compounds chemical combination of two or more elements atoms smallest particle of a chemical element that retains the properties of that element; particles that combine to form molecules subatomic particles particles that make up atoms; neutrons, […]

Anatomy and physiology anatomical position

Head Cephalic Neck cervical skull Cranial Face Facial Armpit Axillary Arm Brachial Front of elbow Antecubital Forearm Antebrachial Wrist carpal Palm Palmar fingers Phalanges Thigh Femoral Anterior knee Patellar Leg Crural Foot Pedal Ankle Tarsal Toes Phalangeal forehead Frontal Temple Temporal Eye Orbital Ear Otic Cheek Buccal Nose Nasal Mouth Oral Chin Mental Breastbone Sternal […]

Anatomy 1 – Anatomy and Physiology

Anatomy is the study of the structure and shape of the body and its parts and how they relate to one another. Physiology Is the study of how the body and its parts work or function. anatomy Measureing an organs shape, size and weight anatomy can be studied in dead specimens often studied in living […]

Anatomy and Physiology: Anatomical Positions

Inferior Toward the bottom of the body Ventral Along (toward) the belly surface of the body Proximal Toward the Trunk (position in a limb or other appendage) Contralateral The other side Coronal Plane frontal plane; divides body into ventral and dorsal RLQ Right Lower Quadrant Left Hypochondriac Regions Left upper region of abdomen Right iliac […]


ANATOMY is the study of the structure and shape of the body and its parts. PHYSIOLOGY is the study of how the body and its parts function or work. 4 ELEMENTS OF LIFE carbon oxygen hydrogen nitrogen (COHN) 5 FACTORS HUMAN LIFE DEPENDS ON 1) water 2) food 3) oxygen 4) heat 5) homeostasis ENERGY […]

Anatomy and Physiology: Anatomical Position

Superior toward the head; upper or above Inferior toward the feet; lower or below Anterior (ventral) front or toward belly posterior (dorsal) back or toward back Medial toward the mid-line of the body Lateral toward the side of the body or away from the mid-line Proximal toward or nearest the trunk or nearest the point […]

Anatomy and Physiology: Anatomical Positions

Superior refers to body parts closest to the top of the head Inferior refers to body parts closest to the feet Anterior refers to the front of the body Posterior refers to the back of the body Medial refers to the closest to the center line of the body Lateral refers to the closest to […]

Anatomy and Physiology: Anatomical Positions

Inferior Towards the bottom of the body Ventral Along the (belly) surface of the body Proximal Towards the trunk (position in a limb) Left Hypochondriac Region Left upper region of abdomen Right Iliac Region Right lower region of abdomen Superior Towards the top of the body Dorsal Along the vertebral surface of the body Distal […]

Pearson Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 4

tissues groups of cells similar in structure that perform common or related function histology study of tissues Four basic tissue types: epithelial, connective, muscle, nervous Fixed: tissue is preserved Sectioned tissue is cut into slices thin enough to transmit light or electrons stained a dye is used to enhance contrast artifacts distortions in preserved tissue […]

Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 10 Muscle Tissue

Muscle functions Movement, stablizing, storing and moving substances throughout body, heat generation Properties of muscle tissue Electrical excitability, Contractility, extensibility, elasticty 3 Types of Muscle tissue Skeletal, Cardiac, Smooth Skeletal muscle Striated, multinucleated, voluntary Cardiac muscle Striated, Uninucleated, involuntary Smooth muscle Nonstriated, uninucleated, involuntary Epimysium Surrounds entire muscle Perimysium surrounds fascicles. Fascicles Bundles of muscle […]

study guide for exam 1 human anatomy & physiology

anatomy study of body structure integumentary, skeletal & muscular the 3 body systems that offer protection, support & movement physiology the study of how the body functions metabolism all the life-sustaining reactions that occur within the body systems together make up anabolism simple compounds are built into more complex(energy-required building phase of metabolism in which […]

Pearson’s Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 2

Matter anything that occupies space and has mass States of Matter Solid, Liquid, Gas Energy The capacity to do work, or to put matter into motion. Kinetic Energy Energy in action Potential Energy Stored Energy, inactive energy that has the potential or capability to do work but is not presently doing so. Chemical Energy the […]

human anatomy and physiology: chapter 1 pearson

anatomy studies the structure of the body Physiology studies the function of the body parts atom, molecule,organelle,cell,tissue,organ,organ system, organism The organization of an organism cells smallest unit of living things tissues a group of similar cells that have a common function organ structure composed of at least 2 tissue types that performs a specific function […]

Anatomy & Physiology: Planes and Sections of the Body

Plane An imaginary flat surface that separates two portions of the body or an organ. Sections The division of an organ or the body to make internal structures visible. Frontal (Coronal) Section A plane from side to side separates the body into front and back portions. Sagittal Section A plane from front to back separates […]

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