Anatomy and Physiology Flashcards

Anatomy and Physiology; Anatomical Positions

prone lying face down (p) supine lying face up (s) superior a part of the body is above another part, or is closer to the head inferior a part is below another, or closer to the feet anterior towards the front posterior towards the back medial a body part is closer to the midline than […]

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Anatomy & Physiology – Ch. 1 Relative Positions & Body Sections

superior a body part is above another body part or is closer to the head inferior a body part is below another body part or is toward the feet anterior also means ventral; towards the front of the body posterior also means dorsal; towards the back of the body medial refers to an imaginary midline […]

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Anatomy & Physiology: Anatomical Position

Posterior (Dorsal) toward or at the back of the body Anterior (Ventral) toward or at the front of the body Superior toward the head end upper part of a structure/body Inferior away from the head end toward the lower body parts Proximal closer to the origin of body part near to the point of attachment […]

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Anatomy & Physiology – Chapter 2

elements substance composed of only one type of atom that cannot be broken into simpler constituents by chemical means compounds chemical combination of two or more elements atoms smallest particle of a chemical element that retains the properties of that element; particles that combine to form molecules subatomic particles particles that make up atoms; neutrons, […]

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Anatomy and physiology anatomical position

Head Cephalic Neck cervical skull Cranial Face Facial Armpit Axillary Arm Brachial Front of elbow Antecubital Forearm Antebrachial Wrist carpal Palm Palmar fingers Phalanges Thigh Femoral Anterior knee Patellar Leg Crural Foot Pedal Ankle Tarsal Toes Phalangeal forehead Frontal Temple Temporal Eye Orbital Ear Otic Cheek Buccal Nose Nasal Mouth Oral Chin Mental Breastbone Sternal […]

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Anatomy 1 – Anatomy and Physiology

Anatomy is the study of the structure and shape of the body and its parts and how they relate to one another. Physiology Is the study of how the body and its parts work or function. anatomy Measureing an organs shape, size and weight anatomy can be studied in dead specimens often studied in living […]

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Anatomy And Physiology: Anatomical Positions Test Questions

Inferior Toward the bottom of the body Ventral Along (toward) the belly surface of the body Proximal Toward the Trunk (position in a limb or other appendage) Contralateral The other side Coronal Plane frontal plane; divides body into ventral and dorsal RLQ Right Lower Quadrant Left Hypochondriac Regions Left upper region of abdomen Right iliac […]

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ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY 1 MID TERM REVIEW CH. 1-6

ANATOMY is the study of the structure and shape of the body and its parts. PHYSIOLOGY is the study of how the body and its parts function or work. 4 ELEMENTS OF LIFE carbon oxygen hydrogen nitrogen (COHN) 5 FACTORS HUMAN LIFE DEPENDS ON 1) water 2) food 3) oxygen 4) heat 5) homeostasis ENERGY […]

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Anatomy/Physiology – Anatomical Positions

superior (cranial) toward the head end or upper part of a structure or the body; above inferior (caudal) away from the head end or toward the lower part of a structure or the body; below ventral (anterior) toward or at the front of the body: in front of dorsal (posterior) toward or at the backside […]

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Anatomy & Physiology: Planes and Sections of the Body

Plane An imaginary flat surface that separates two portions of the body or an organ. Sections The division of an organ or the body to make internal structures visible. Frontal (Coronal) Section A plane from side to side separates the body into front and back portions. Sagittal Section A plane from front to back separates […]

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Human Anatomy & Physiology Lab Safety Quiz

If you do not understand a direction or part of a procedure, what do you do? Ask the instructor before proceeding. When can you work in the lab? When an instructor is present. When can you touch any equipment, chemicals, or materials? When the instructor tells you to do so. When can chewing gum, food […]

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Anatomy & Physiology Anatomical Positions and Terms

Superior Above Inferior Below Anterior In front of Posterior Behind of Medial Between Lateral Beside Proximal Near the center of attachment Distal Away from the center of attachment Superficial Above the surface Deep Below the Surface Ipsilateral Same side Contralateral Opposite side Transverse Divides the body into superior and inferior parts Sagittal Divides the body […]

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Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 10 Muscle Tissue

Muscle functions Movement, stablizing, storing and moving substances throughout body, heat generation Properties of muscle tissue Electrical excitability, Contractility, extensibility, elasticty 3 Types of Muscle tissue Skeletal, Cardiac, Smooth Skeletal muscle Striated, multinucleated, voluntary Cardiac muscle Striated, Uninucleated, involuntary Smooth muscle Nonstriated, uninucleated, involuntary Epimysium Surrounds entire muscle Perimysium surrounds fascicles. Fascicles Bundles of muscle […]

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Anatomy And Physiology: Anatomical Positions Answers

Inferior Towards the bottom of the body Ventral Along the (belly) surface of the body Proximal Towards the trunk (position in a limb) Left Hypochondriac Region Left upper region of abdomen Right Iliac Region Right lower region of abdomen Superior Towards the top of the body Dorsal Along the vertebral surface of the body Distal […]

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study guide for exam 1 human anatomy & physiology

anatomy study of body structure integumentary, skeletal & muscular the 3 body systems that offer protection, support & movement physiology the study of how the body functions metabolism all the life-sustaining reactions that occur within the body systems together make up anabolism simple compounds are built into more complex(energy-required building phase of metabolism in which […]

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Pearson’s Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 2

Matter anything that occupies space and has mass States of Matter Solid, Liquid, Gas Energy The capacity to do work, or to put matter into motion. Kinetic Energy Energy in action Potential Energy Stored Energy, inactive energy that has the potential or capability to do work but is not presently doing so. Chemical Energy the […]

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human anatomy and physiology: chapter 1 pearson

anatomy studies the structure of the body Physiology studies the function of the body parts atom, molecule,organelle,cell,tissue,organ,organ system, organism The organization of an organism cells smallest unit of living things tissues a group of similar cells that have a common function organ structure composed of at least 2 tissue types that performs a specific function […]

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Pearson Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 1

Gross or Macroscopic Visible to the naked eye Microscopic Deals with structures too small to be seen with the naked eye. Cytology STUDY OF CELLS Histology A study of tissues. Embryology Developmental changes that occur before birth Renal Physiology Kidney Function and urine production Neurophysiology Deals with the nervous system Chemical Simplest Level Cellular Cells […]

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Pearson’s Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 2

Matter anything that occupies space and has mass States of Matter Solid, Liquid, Gas Electrical Energy results from the movement of charged particles. (The nervous system uses electrical currents) Elements Unique substances that cannot be broken down into simpler substances by ordinary chemical methods. 118 Elements are recognized, 92 of them occur in nature, the […]

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An Introduction to Anatomy and Physiology: Anatomical Position and Directional Terms

anatomy the study of internal and external parts of the body anatomical position Standing up facing forward, with head level and eyes facing forward, feet flat on the floor, arms at the sides of the body with palms turned forward physiology the study of the function of parts of the body homeostasis refers to the […]

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Chapter 1 Human Anatomy And Physiology Pearson Test Questions

Anatomy The study of body structure Physiology Study of function Gross/Macroscopic Anatomy Study of body structure visible to naked eye Microscopic Anatomy Deals with structures not seen by naked eye Cytology Form of microscopic anatomy. Considers cells of body Histology Form of microscopic anatomy. Study of tissues. Levels of Structural Organisms Chemical Level, Cellular Level, […]

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