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Flashcards To Learn Genetics

Gene (genetics) a segment of DNA that is involved in producing a polypeptide chain Allele Alternative form of a gene Trait A characteristic that an organism can pass on to its offspring through its genes. Genotype An organism’s genetic makeup. Phenotype An organism’s physical appearance, or visible traits. Gamete Haploid cells (n) produced by diploid […]

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Genetics Vocab Words Mr. Soblo

Probability ________ is the measure of the likeliness that an event will occur.[1] ________ is quantified as a number between 0 and 1 (where 0 indicates impossibility and 1 indicates certainty). Pedigree A family tree describing the occurrence of heritable characters in parents and offspring across as many generations as possible. monohybrid cross A cross […]

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Genetics Sentence Correction and Matching

heredity the study of the inheritance of traits dominant/dominance when one gene expresses itself over another (the former gene)/one gene masking another’s expression phenotype your behavior and physical appearance /physical characteristics of an organism genotype the genes that you are carrying in your cells/genetic makeup of an organism replication the process by which a chromosome […]

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Genetics and Heredity

Gregor Mendel Father of genetics, discovered genetics by studying pea plants traits characteristics passed from parents to offspring heredity the passing of traits from parents to offspring genetics the scientific study of heredity chromosomes located in the nuclues of the cell contains the DNA inherited traits characteristics that are passed from parent to offspring some […]

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Extending Mendelian Genetics

Genomics field of genetics that attempts to understand the content, organization, function, and evolution of genetic information contained in whole genomes. Structural genomics Studies the organization and sequence of genetic information contained within a gene Genetic Maps based on recombination frequencies Physical maps based on the direct DNA sequence (Map-based sequencing, Whole-genome shotgun sequencing) Bioinformatics […]

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Fundamentals of Genetics

Heredity Passing of traits from parents to offspring Genetics Branch of biology that studies heredity Monohybrid Cross A cross between individuals that involves one pair of contrasting traits True-Breeding All of the offspring display only one form of a particular trait P Generation First two individuals crossed in a breeding experiment F1 Generation Offspring of […]

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DNA Webquest: A self guided introduction to basic genetics

Every living thing needs a set of instructions that are necessary to live and grow. Where are these instructions found? DNA What does DNA encode? protein DNA is an abbreviation for deoxyribonucleic acid The twisted ladder shape of DNA is called double helix We have 26 letters in our alphabet. How many letters does DNA […]

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IB BIOLOGY GENETICS

Gene a heritable factor that controls a specific characteristic. Allele one specific form of a gene, differeing from other alleles by one or a few bases only and occupying the same locus as other alleles of the gene. Genome The whole of the genetic information of an organism gene mutation a change in the base […]

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Genetics (Year 11)

DNA Deoxyribonucleic acid; The genetic material that carries information about an organism and is passed from parent to offspring. Gene A segment of DNA found on a chromosome that determines the inheritance of a particular character Chromosome Thread like structures, made of DNA and contains many genes Alleles Different forms of a gene for a […]

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Genetics Word List

alleles one of two or more different genes that code for similar proteins at the same locus on the chromosome. asexual reproduction no gametes are involved. It is just cellular division (mitosis); the offspring are identical to the parent. autosome any of the chromosomes other than the sex determining chromosomes chromosome a linear thread made […]

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Genetics Example Questions

genetics The scientific study of heredity Gregor Mendel Augustinian monk and botanist whose experiments in breeding garden peas led to his eventual recognition as founder of the science of genetics (1822-1884) trait specific physical characteristic that varies from one individual to another gene section of DNA that codes for a specific trait hybrid a genotype […]

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Genetics and Heredity Video: The Blueprint of Life

Gregor Mendel What is the name of the monk who developed the Genetic Theory? Genes Traits are passed from parents to offspring by what hereditary material? DNA What is the basic molecule that makes up genes? 4 How many different types of nucleotides or “building blocks” are found in the strands of DNA that make […]

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Biology: Genetics Key Terms

allele Any of the alternative forms of a gene that may occur at a given point on a chromosome. asexual reproduction Any type of reproduction that produces offspring without mating or fertilization. chromosome A DNA-containing structure that forms by the joining of two identical chromatids during cell division. clone An organism that is genetically identical […]

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Pierce’s Genetics: Chapter 1

What does heredity do to human life? Heredity affects many of our physical features as well as our susceptibility to many diseases and disorders. Genetics contributes to advances in agriculture, pharmaceuticals, and medicine and is fundamental to modern biology. All organisms use similar genetic systems, and genetic variation is the foundation of the diversity of […]

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Genetics Test

Gregor Mendel Father of Genetics Trait The different forms of a physical characteristic (ex: height, eye color, hair color, petal color, stem height) Heredity The passing on of traits from parent(s) to offspring. Genetics The study of Heredity. Fertilization The joining of sperm and egg. Gene The factor that controls a trait. Allele A letter […]

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Genetics Cards

Genetics the study of passing traits from one generation to the next Heredity the passing of traits from parent to offspring Gregor Mendel an austrian monk who performed experiments with pea plants Controlled Breeding Mendel studied genetics by doing this with pea plants Traits each form of a characteristic self-pollination, cross-pollination Name 2 types of […]

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general biology-genetics

heredity the transmission of traits from one generation to the next cross fertilization fertilization of one plant by pollen from a different plant true breeding term used to describe organisms that produce offspring identical to themselves if allowed to self-pollinate hybrids the offspring of crosses between parents with different traits P generation parental generation, the […]

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Biology 30: Genetics

progeny offspring dominant trait a characteristic that is expressed when one or both alleles in an individual are the dominant form recessive trait a characteristic that is expressed only when both alleles in an individual are the recessive form allele one of the alternative forms of a gene homozygous having identical alleles from the same […]

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Genetics vocabulary crossword puzzle

When the alleles for one trait segregate, they have no effect on other segregating alleles. This is known as? Independant assortment In some cases, two or more alleles may be dominant and both dominant alleles may show up in the offspring Codomimance Genes that have two or more alleles are called Multiple alleles The characteristics […]

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Biology: Genetics Test Questions

Genetics Scientific study of heredity Mendel Born in 1822 in Czechoslovakia Monk in 1843 Studied at University of Vienna Mendel used pea plants to study.. The inheritance of traits Offspring that result from crosses between parents with different traits Hybrids Mendel removed the male parts from the flowers of some plants in order to make […]

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CH 10 – Genetics

trait variation of a particular inherited character genetics study of heredity cross-fertilization process by which sperm from one flower’s pollen fertilizes the eggs in a flower of a different plant hybrid offspring of two different true-breeding varieties monohybrid cross mating of two organisms that differ in only one character allele alternative form of a gene […]

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