Biochemistry (anatomy)

biochemistry the chemical composition of living matter macromolecules composed of long chains of building blocks called monomers organic compounds carbon-containing compounds carbon the backbone of all chemical compounds; when burned turns black, can bond as many as 4 atoms carbohydrates include sugars and starches, main source of energy for all living things, structural component for […]

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Biochemistry- Protein Function

What are the 6 classes of proteins and the location/function of proteins in each? 1) Structural- hair, cell cytoskeleton 2) Contractile- muscle, motile cells 3) Defense- antibodies, membranes proteins 4) Transport- hemoglobin, membrane proteins 5) Signalling- hormones 6) Enzymatic- regulate the speed of a biochemical reaction (yeah, I know it’s weirdly different. The lists are […]

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Biochemistry- Protein Structure

Proteins – linear polymers of amino acids – peptide bond formation enables protein formation Size of a protein 50 to >30 000 amino acids Protein Formation: 1. Condensation reaction 2. Covalent bond (shares electrons) 3. No rotation around the bond 4. Atoms are co-planar 5. Restricts the possible folding patterns of the chain Polypeptides – […]

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Living Environment Biochemistry

Carbohydrate any organic compound that is made of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen and that provides nutrients to the cells of living things monosaccharide a simple sugar that is the basic subunit of a carbohydrate disaccharide A double sugar, consisting of two monosaccharides joined by dehydration synthesis. polysaccharide a complex molecule composed of three or more […]

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Biochemistry of Cells Test

What is the most abundant organic compound on Earth? Cellulose Besides water, what other substance makes up most of the cell? Carbon-based molecules (a.k.a Hydrocarbons) Carbon has how many outer electrons? Four Because carbon has four outer electrons, it can form ___________ bonds by sharing these electrons. covalent Carbon and hydrogen make up compounds called […]

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Vitamins – Biochemistry

Vitamin A (Retinol) Antioxidant; constituent of *visual pigments* (retinal): essential for normal differentiation of epithelial cells into specialized tissues (pancreatic cells, mucus-secreting cells); prevent squamous metaplasia. Used to treat measles and AML subtype M3 Found in liver and leafy vegetables. Vitamin A Deficiency Night blindness (nyctalopia) Dry, scaly skin (xerosis cutis) *Bitot spots on conjunctiva* […]

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Alanine 3 Letter: Ala 1 Letter: A Arginine 3: Arg 1: R Asparagine 3: Asn 1: N Aspartic acid 3: Asp 1: D Cysteine 3: Cys 1: C Glutamine 3: Gln 1: Q Glutamic acid 3: Glu 1: E Glycine 3: Gly 1: G Histidine 3: His 1: H Isoleucine 3: Ile 1: I Leucine […]

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Pre-Ap Biology Unit 2: Biochemistry

What is a polar molecule? A polar molecule is a molecule with both a positive and negative charge Adhesion Water molecules stick to other substances Cohesion Water molecules stick to each other Surface tension Property allowing liquid to resist external Force Universal solvent Water is capable of dissolving more substances than any other liquid Density […]

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Osmosis – movement of water molecules from an area where there is more H2O -> less water through a selectively permeable membrane Isotonic Solution – same amount of solute as that found inside the cell – water moves in and out at equal rate Animal Cell Isotonic – no change in cell Plant Cell Isotonic […]

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