brain parts

Term Definition
Reticular formation complex neural network helps screen incoming sensory info and plays central role in regulating consciousness and arousal
Parietal Lobe involved in processing info related to touch and complex visual info, particularly about locations
Temporal Lobe part of the cortex important in processing sound, speech production and in recognising complex visual stimuli
limbic system a group of interconnected brain structures that are associated with learning, memory, basic emotions and drives
Association Cortex areas of the cortex responsible for complex functions, higher order sensory processing, thinking + planning. All of the cortex that is neither purely sensory or motor
hind brain consists of the medulla, the PONS and the cerebellum;
brain directs coherent and organised control over the body
Spinal Cord sends info to and from the brain and PNS and controls reflexes
PONS Involved in respiration, movement, walking, sleep and dreaming
Thalamus relays sensory messages to cotex
brain stem helps regulate reflex activities critical for survival
Hippocampus limbic system involved in memory
Cerebral Cortex responsible for most complex behaviours and higher mental processes
Hypothalamus controls the endocrine system and the SNS and regulates behaviours (eg. fighting)
Cerebellum part of brain near the back of the head, coordinates fine muscle movement, balance and some perception and cognition
nucleus accumbens brain area important for motivation and reward
amygdala brain area involved in processing info about emotions, particularly fear
pituitary gland brain structure plays central role in controlling the endocrine system
occipital lobe at the back of the skull important for processing very visual information
Frontal Lobe involved in many functions including movement + speech production
Wernicke's Area brain region located inn the left side of the temporal lobe in most humans brains. important for language comprehension
Substantia Nigra brain region important in fluidity of movement and inhibiting movements
Corpus Callosum bundle of axons that allows communication from one side of the cortex to the other, larger in females
Broca's Area located in the frontal lobe near the motor cortex, important for speech production
Prefrontal Lobe involved in higher-order thinking such as memory, moral reasoning and planning
Primary Motor strip involved in control of voluntary (non-reflexive) movement
Somatosensory Strip an area of the parietal cortex that processes tactile info coming from our body parts
Medulla responsible for breathing, heartbeat, and other vital life functions

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