Biology Virus/Bacteria Study Guide

Aerobic
Involving/requiring free oxygen
-Need oxygen

Anaerobic
Involving/requiring an absence of free oxygen
-O2 cannot be used

Antibiotic
Medicine used to treat bacteria with dead bacteria

Bacilli
Shape: Rod-Shaped

Capsid
Protein structure surrounding virion

Coronavirus
Complex, RNA
-Causes the cold

Cyanobacteria
(Blue, green algae) Contains chlorophyll, goes through photosynthesis evolved into chloroplast in plants

Gram Negative Bacteria
Red- Thin wall/outer cover

Gram Positive Bacteria
Purple- Thick wall/outer cover

Herpes virus
Icosahedral shaped, DNA
-Herpes, cold sore, chicken pox

Latency
Another term for latent period

Mesophilic
Loves warm places 98 degrees (Intestine)

Orthomyxovirus
Helical shaped RNA
-Flu

Psychrophilic
Loves cold places 68C (bottom ocean)

Spirilla
Shape-spiral, causes serious disease
-Syphilus

Staphylococci
Type of cocci- in cluster

Streptococci
Type of cocci-in line

Thermophilic
Loves HOT places 110degrees (compose pile)

Vaccine
Use to fight viruses with dead viruses

Viral Replication
Virus injects nucleic acid into host cells–Host thinks own DNA/RNA–Starts producing viral nucleic acid

Virion
Individual viruses- has either DNA/RNA and surrounding by protein structure called capsid

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