Biol 2117 chp 11

actinomycetes (source of many antibiotics)Streptomyces
aerobic, helical, Gram-negative bacteriaHelicobacter pylori
anaerobic Gram-negative rodsBacteroides, Fusobacterium

convert nitrogen gas to ammonium; nitrogen fixationcyanobacteria (Rhizobium)
chemoautotrophic bacteria (convert ammonium to nitrate) (nitrifying)Nitrobacter
do not form cell wallsMycoplasma
endospore-forming Gram-positive rods and cocciBacillus anthracis, Clostridium
facultatively anaerobic Gram-negative rodsE. coli, Salmonella, Shigella, Klebsiella, Proteus, Yerinia, Vibrio, Hemophilus, Gardnerella
Gram negative, aerobic rods and cocciPseudomonas, Legionella, Neisseria, Bordatella
Gram-positive cocciStaphylococcus, Streptococcus
Nonspore-forming Gram-positive rodsListeria monocytogenes, Corynebacterium diphtheriae
obligate intracellular parasitesRickettsia, Chlamydia
spirochetesTreponema pallidum, Borrelia burgdorferi
stained with acid fast stainMycobacterium tuberculosis, Mycobacterium leprae