BACB content area 3

Term Definition
functional relation in an experiment when you show that manipulation of the IV produces a reliable change in the DV, and that the change in the dv was unlikely to be caused by extraneous factors
behavior the portion of the organisms interaction with is environment that is characterized by detectable displacement in space through time of some part of the organism and that results in a measurable change in one aspect of the environment
stimulus an energy change that affects an organism through its receptor cells; can be described formally, temporally, and functionally
stimulus class a group of stimuli that share a predetermined set of common elements in form, time, or function
environment the conglomerate of real circumstances in which the organism or referenced part of the organism exists
antecedent environmental conditions or stimulus changes that occur prior to the behavior of interest
conseuence stimulus change that follows a behavior of interest
reinforcement the increase in the future likelihood of behavior
reinforcer consequent stimulus that increases the future likelihood of a behavior
punishment the decrease in the future frequency of a behavior
punisher consequent stimulus that results in a decrease in the future frequency of behavior
automaticity of reinforcment behavior is modified by its consequences regardless of the individual's awareness of the consequences
positive reinforcement occurs when a response is followed by the presentation of a stimulus that increases the future likelihood of that behavior
negative reinforcement occurs when a behavior is followed by the removal of a stimulus that results in an increase in the future likelihood of that behavior
positive punishment the addition of a stimulus following a behavior that decreases its future frequency
negative punishment the removal of an appetitive stimulus following behavior that decreases its future frequency
unconditioned reinforcer acts as a reinforcer without prior pairing/learning; food, water, sex
conditioned reinforcers stimuli that act as reinforcers as a result of pairing with unconditioned or conditioned reinforcers
unconditioned punisher stimulus change that acts as a punisher without prior pairing/learning; electric shock, pain, light, sound, temperature
conditioned punishers stimuli that act as punishers as a result of prior pairing with unconditioned and conditioned punishers; "NO"

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