Aviation Study Guide Chp 1

Section A Vocab Chp 1
Section A Vocab Chp 1
Federal Aviation Regulations
Fixed Base Operator
Certified Flight Instructor
Normally based upon a building block theory present learning is based upon what was previously learned
Student Pilot Certificate
Certificate required to solo in a single engine aircraft
Medical Certificate
Pass a physical exam to obtain this has 3 classes
Pilot In Command
Person in charge of the aircraft they make final decisions
Annual Inspection
Inspection that occurs every 12 months
100 Hour Inspections
Inspections that occur at 100 hour intervals
Preventive Maintenance
14 CFR 43.7 allows pilots to do maintenance that will prevent accidents or issues from occurring
Flight Review
Recurring test that must be taken every 24 months to stay current and act as PIC
Federal Aviation Administration
Section B Chp 1 Vocab
Section B Chp 1 Vocab
Refresher Training
Training essential to keep skills sharp and stay current
Mountain Flying
Art of flying over mountains very hazardous as well
Aerobatic Flight Training
Performance of acrobatic maneuvers that increase a pilot’s proficiency and reaction time
Aircraft Owners and Pilots Association
Experimental Aircraft Association
The 99s Association INC
Female only organization that helps women get jobs in the aviation industry and keeps files on them
Civil Air Patrol
CAP Nonprofit organization all volunteer
Aircraft Checkout
AKA transitional training to a different aircraft makes sure that the pilot can fly the aircraft competently
High Performance Airplane
Aircraft with an engine of over 200hp
Home Built Aircraft
Homemade aircraft do not fly by the same standards as FAA regulated aircraft
Instrument Rating
Rating that shows a pilot to be competent in flying with IFR rated weather. Rating can be gained with a minimum of 40hrs instrument flying/practice
Multi-Engine Rating
Rating that allows a pilot to operate an aircraft with 2 or more engines. No minimum number of hours but a pilot must be able to pass a practical test.
Single-Engine Sea Rating
Rating that allows a pilot to operate a single engine aircraft on water/floats
Multi-Engine Sea Rating
Rating that allows a pilot to operate an aircraft with 2 or more engines on water/floats
An aircraft that develops lift by it’s rotor blades placing a force downwards on the air. While at the same time lifting itself no runway required.
Glider Rating
Allows a pilot to operate a non-powered FAA regulated aircraft. It also allows a pilot to gain a deeper knowledge of energy management
Hot Air Balloon
Non-powered aircraft that can gain or lose altitude by the density of air inside of it’s envelope
Recreational Pilot Certificate
Has more restrictions than the PPL holder. They must stay within 50 nautical miles of their base airport. Cannot carry more than one passenger and cannot operate at night.
Commercial Pilot Certificate
Pilot is allowed to operate for hire. However to apply for a CPC one must have 250 hours total flight time. 10 hours of which must be in a complex rated aircraft
Airline Transport Pilot Certificate
to have an ATP the pilot must be 23 years old, 1500hrs of total flight time 250hrs of PIC 500hrs cross country 100hrs of night flight and 75hrs of instrument experience
Regional Airline
Pilot for these airlines usually fly advanced turboprops or small jets during scheduled flights. These airlines are feeders into the Major Airlines
Major Airlines
Most lucrative of all aviation professions. Major Airline Pilots will fly large jets and at times large turboprop aircraft.
Corporate Flying
Flying for companies usually businessmen who leave on important business trips. These airplanes range from Cessna 172s to jets such as the Gulf Stream IV
Aerial Application
Act of applying various chemicals or methods by air
Section C Chp 1 Vocab
Section C Chp 1 Vocab
Crew Resource Management
CRM The effective use of all available resources: human resources, hardware, and information
Aeronautical Decision Making
ADM When the decision making process is applied while in flight operations
PIC responsibility
Responsibilities of PIC are understanding personal limitations, general health, level of stress or fatigue, attitude, and knowledge, skill level, and recency of experience