Aviation Study Guide Chp 1

Section A Vocab Chp 1
Section A Vocab Chp 1

Federal Aviation Regulations
FARs

Fixed Base Operator
FBO

Certified Flight Instructor
CFI

Syllabus
Normally based upon a building block theory present learning is based upon what was previously learned

Student Pilot Certificate
Certificate required to solo in a single engine aircraft

Medical Certificate
Pass a physical exam to obtain this has 3 classes

Pilot In Command
Person in charge of the aircraft they make final decisions

Annual Inspection
Inspection that occurs every 12 months

100 Hour Inspections
Inspections that occur at 100 hour intervals

Preventive Maintenance
14 CFR 43.7 allows pilots to do maintenance that will prevent accidents or issues from occurring

Flight Review
Recurring test that must be taken every 24 months to stay current and act as PIC

Federal Aviation Administration
FAA

Section B Chp 1 Vocab
Section B Chp 1 Vocab

Refresher Training
Training essential to keep skills sharp and stay current

Mountain Flying
Art of flying over mountains very hazardous as well

Aerobatic Flight Training
Performance of acrobatic maneuvers that increase a pilot’s proficiency and reaction time

Aircraft Owners and Pilots Association
AOPA

Experimental Aircraft Association
EAA

The 99s Association INC
Female only organization that helps women get jobs in the aviation industry and keeps files on them

Civil Air Patrol
CAP Nonprofit organization all volunteer

Aircraft Checkout
AKA transitional training to a different aircraft makes sure that the pilot can fly the aircraft competently

High Performance Airplane
Aircraft with an engine of over 200hp

Home Built Aircraft
Homemade aircraft do not fly by the same standards as FAA regulated aircraft

Instrument Rating
Rating that shows a pilot to be competent in flying with IFR rated weather. Rating can be gained with a minimum of 40hrs instrument flying/practice

Multi-Engine Rating
Rating that allows a pilot to operate an aircraft with 2 or more engines. No minimum number of hours but a pilot must be able to pass a practical test.

Single-Engine Sea Rating
Rating that allows a pilot to operate a single engine aircraft on water/floats

Multi-Engine Sea Rating
Rating that allows a pilot to operate an aircraft with 2 or more engines on water/floats

Helicopter
An aircraft that develops lift by it’s rotor blades placing a force downwards on the air. While at the same time lifting itself no runway required.

Glider Rating
Allows a pilot to operate a non-powered FAA regulated aircraft. It also allows a pilot to gain a deeper knowledge of energy management

Hot Air Balloon
Non-powered aircraft that can gain or lose altitude by the density of air inside of it’s envelope

Recreational Pilot Certificate
Has more restrictions than the PPL holder. They must stay within 50 nautical miles of their base airport. Cannot carry more than one passenger and cannot operate at night.

Commercial Pilot Certificate
Pilot is allowed to operate for hire. However to apply for a CPC one must have 250 hours total flight time. 10 hours of which must be in a complex rated aircraft

Airline Transport Pilot Certificate
to have an ATP the pilot must be 23 years old, 1500hrs of total flight time 250hrs of PIC 500hrs cross country 100hrs of night flight and 75hrs of instrument experience

Regional Airline
Pilot for these airlines usually fly advanced turboprops or small jets during scheduled flights. These airlines are feeders into the Major Airlines

Major Airlines
Most lucrative of all aviation professions. Major Airline Pilots will fly large jets and at times large turboprop aircraft.

Corporate Flying
Flying for companies usually businessmen who leave on important business trips. These airplanes range from Cessna 172s to jets such as the Gulf Stream IV

Aerial Application
Act of applying various chemicals or methods by air

Section C Chp 1 Vocab
Section C Chp 1 Vocab

Crew Resource Management
CRM The effective use of all available resources: human resources, hardware, and information

Aeronautical Decision Making
ADM When the decision making process is applied while in flight operations

PIC responsibility
Responsibilities of PIC are understanding personal limitations, general health, level of stress or fatigue, attitude, and knowledge, skill level, and recency of experience