Atomic Bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki SAT Essay Prompt Response

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Subject
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During the last stages of WWII, after Germany surrendered to the allies, Japan would not surrender. To end the war, the US decided to drop two atomic bombs on Japan with no warning. Japan surrendered days after the bombings, and most of the deaths resulted from the first day but during the next months large numbers of people died fro radiation burns, radiation sickness and other injuries
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Knowledge, Learning, Creativty
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Can knowledge be a burden? Yes. Some of the scientists who worked on the atomic bomb signed the Szliard petition, which asked President Truman not to bomb Japan without warning. This shows that their understanding of the possible effects of the bombs was a burden on their respective consciences.
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Morality
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Are bad and good choices equally likely to have negative consequences? -Yes. The bombings of Hiroshima and Nagsaki caused massive civilian casualties, but had the cities not been bombed, many Americans and Japanese would have died in further ocean/land based warfare
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Opinions and Values
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Should people weight all opinions equally, or place more weight on informed opinions? -Place more weight on informed opinions. After Pearl Harbor, many Americans hated the Japanese and wanted their whole country eradicated. But the scientists who understoof the awful power of the atomic bomb had a different view, they were wary of dropping it on Japan with no warning. Many fewer civilians would have had to died if the concerned scientists had been heeded and the Japanese had been warned about the bombings ahead of time.

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