Atmosphere and Weather Study Guide

meteorology
the atmospheric conditions and weather of an area.

Water cycle
earth’s continuous water motion which includes six steps

Cumolonimbus
a thunder cloud

Precipitation
water in solid or liquid form that falls from the air to the Earth

What is the hurricane season in the United States?
June 1st to November 30th

Saffir-Simpson Scale
measures the intensity of a hurricane and measures the wind speed and air pressure of the storm

Coriolis Effect
pulls winds to the right in the Northern Hemisphere and to the left in the Southern Hemisphere

Astraphobia
a fear of thunder

brontophobia
a fear of thunderstorms

meteorology
the study of weather

forecast
prediction of weather

weather
synonym of precipitation and includes hail, rainfall, thunder, etc

severe weather
an extreme version of precipitation

NOAA
organization that tracks down deadly weather

NWS
organization that gives the military information about upcoming storms

hurricane
A powerful storm with heavy rainfall and intense winds

hurricane watch
severe weather likely to occur within the next 24 hours

hurricane warning
severe weather has been seen and is likely to occur in the next 36 hours

thunderstorm
hot and cold air crash against each other during a rainstorm

air mass
moisture and temperature

psychrometer
instrument used to measure relative humidity

hurricane
giant storm with heavy rains and intense winds

How are clouds formed?
through evaporation and condensation are formed from water vapor

tornado
speeding and spinning winds that lasts minutes and causes destruction

What is the life cycle of a hurricane?
It starts out with groups of thunderstorms which travel over the tropic waters and winds from 2 different directions collide and move over low pressure land

condensation
when water vapor becomes a liquid

dew point
temperature at which air is fully saturated

barometer
mercury-filled glass tube used to measure air pressure