Atmosphere and Weather Study Guide

meteorology
the atmospheric conditions and weather of an area.
Water cycle
earth’s continuous water motion which includes six steps
Cumolonimbus
a thunder cloud
Precipitation
water in solid or liquid form that falls from the air to the Earth
What is the hurricane season in the United States?
June 1st to November 30th
Saffir-Simpson Scale
measures the intensity of a hurricane and measures the wind speed and air pressure of the storm
Coriolis Effect
pulls winds to the right in the Northern Hemisphere and to the left in the Southern Hemisphere
Astraphobia
a fear of thunder
brontophobia
a fear of thunderstorms
meteorology
the study of weather
forecast
prediction of weather
weather
synonym of precipitation and includes hail, rainfall, thunder, etc
severe weather
an extreme version of precipitation
NOAA
organization that tracks down deadly weather
NWS
organization that gives the military information about upcoming storms
hurricane
A powerful storm with heavy rainfall and intense winds
hurricane watch
severe weather likely to occur within the next 24 hours
hurricane warning
severe weather has been seen and is likely to occur in the next 36 hours
thunderstorm
hot and cold air crash against each other during a rainstorm
air mass
moisture and temperature
psychrometer
instrument used to measure relative humidity
hurricane
giant storm with heavy rains and intense winds
How are clouds formed?
through evaporation and condensation are formed from water vapor
tornado
speeding and spinning winds that lasts minutes and causes destruction
What is the life cycle of a hurricane?
It starts out with groups of thunderstorms which travel over the tropic waters and winds from 2 different directions collide and move over low pressure land
condensation
when water vapor becomes a liquid
dew point
temperature at which air is fully saturated
barometer
mercury-filled glass tube used to measure air pressure