Assisting in pediatrics Kinn’s 42

microcephaly
an abnormally small head and underdeveloped brain

serous
Glands that produce thin, watery secretions are called _____ glands.

hydrocephaly
enlargement of the cranium caused by abnormal accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid within the cerebral system

stridor
Strained, high-pitched sound heard on inspiration caused by obstruction in the pharynx or larynx

rhonchi
Coarse, low-pitched breath sounds heard in patients with chronic mucus in the upper airways.

attenuated
weakened, thinned, decreased virulence of pathogenic microorganisms

suppurative
Pus-forming

laryngoscopy
visual examination of the larynx (voice box) through endoscope

asthma
chronic respiratory disease in which the air passageways become narrower than normal making it hard to breathe

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col-lg-5 central-block">croup
acute viral infection in infants and children viral inflammation of larynx and trachea that causes edema

varicella
A contagious viral disease characterized by fever, headache, and a crop of red spots that become mscules, papules, vesicles, and crusts; also called chickenpox

meningitis
an inflammation of the membranes covering the brain and spinal cord

MMR
measles, mumps, rubella

pediatrics
branch of medicine dealing with children and their diseases

otitis media
infection or inflammation of the middle ear.

growth
size, height, weight, and appearance

development
motor, mental, social, and language skills

asthma attack
bronchial tubes spasm & narrow
tightness in chest, short of breath
body thinks it’s not expanding the chest cavity enough, doesn’t use air efficiently because it tries to expand it

bronchiolitis
inflammation of the bronchioles; smallest air passages of the lungs. Usually caused by viruses. Seen mostly in children under 3 and those with a family history or asthma or of those that have been exposed to cigarette smoke.

influenza treatment
zanamivir and tamiflu

conjunctivitis
pinkeye; inflammation of the conjunctiva

fifth disease
parvovirus B19 – also known as slapped cheek disease.

hand foot and mouth disease
mild contagious disease caused by type A coxsackievirus characterized by the formation of vesicular lesions on the hands and feet

muscular dystrophy
is caused by a faulty gene that is passed from mother’s to son., A progressive weakness and shrinking of the muscles most commonly inherited

reye’s syndrome
potentially serious or deadly disorder in children that is characterized by vomiting and confusion

cystic fibrosis
a genetic disorder in which the body produces abnormally thick mucus in the lungs and intestines (SWEAT TEST)

colic
a condition in babies that results in extended periods of crying., Syndrome in early infancy characterized by episodic loud crying, apparent abdominal pain (legs drawn up and rigid abdomen) and irritability.

diarrhea
an abnormal frequent flow of loose or watery stools that can lead to dehydration, often caused by , bacteria, viruses, and parasites

Failure to thrive
a condition in which the baby does not grow and develop properly weight is consistently below the 3rd percentile.

childhood Obesity
A chronic medical condition characterized by an excessive accumulation of body fat relative to gender- and age-based norms.

common cold
a mild viral infection involving the nose and respiratory passages (but not the lungs)

influenza
an acute febrile highly contagious viral disease, viral infection of the respiratory system characterized by chills, fever, body aches, and fatigue

tonsillitis
inflammation of the tonsils (especially the palatine tonsils) caused by an streptoccus A infection

hepatitis B
inflammation of the liver caused by HBV, which is transmitted sexually or by exposure to contaminated blood or body fluids

Duchenne’s muscular dystrophy
a congenital condition resulting in progressive muscular weakness and deterioration, DMD a mother to son disease

Well child visit
a visit to the medical office for the administration of immunizations and evaluation of growth and development

sick child visit
a pediatric visit for the treatment of illness or injury

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