Aspects of development from Birth
Strength and mobility skill start improving, mobility for them will be key at his age being able to dance to music while stood up, climbing and pushing toys around. The child’s grasp on things will become a lot tighter and will be able to pick up toys and bottles with ease. By 20 months the baby could be running and using different parts of is body to help with their balance however they will still be unsteady and fall often. At 2-errs there is not much change In this period however the babies skills becomes smoother and climbing on and off play equipment is easier for them to do.
Balance will become stronger; the child will start to explore a ball and will eventually learn to kick It. The child will start to walk up the stairs but could use things around them to help them get up better. He/she can start to undress their self and attempt to dress their self. By 3 they will be able to pedal a bike and walk up the stairs without aid. 3-5 year olds are now jumping around more confidently still with some trouble landing on both feet at the same time. The child will be exploring different ways of using their feet to move around and their body parts I. . Climbing, Jumping, hopping, marching and galloping. Hand eye coordination will also be improving, they will be tenting better at block building, putting together simple puzzles and drawing shapes (circles, square etc. ) They will also start showing a favorite to being left handed or being right handed. Primary school age 5-errs are now developing in a steady way, between 5-errs the child will gain up to 5 pounds In the year and at 7-errs the child’s weight will speed up.
They will have developed enough muscle coordination to swim and skate along with their hand eye coordination will have further improved being able to bounce and catch a tennis ball 8 -? 12 year olds physical growth will be In Roth spurts throughout the 4 years their growth is slower and not as noticeable as it has been since birth, the child will start growing in growth spurts. The child will be more or less Independent dong physical activities, but the body Is going to go through many changes in order to prepare for their teenage years.
Releasing their own strength during activities, most boys will start to enjoy football or rugby; girls may prefer netball or hockey. They have a more understanding of team sports. At 12 girls are at the peak of a physical change called puberty. Boys will start to take a step back now at 12-15 as girls start to go through puberty. Girls will begin to have their periods; breasts will start to develop more, pubic hair will start to thicken. Emotions will become more artic and sometimes uncontrollable, as girls are now getting used to being young women boys will Just start to hit puberty towards 15.
It’s now the boys toys begin to deepen. The penis and scrotum start to enlarge often having erections with or without cause. Teenagers will start to have physical attractions to each other developing stronger as they get older. Communication From 0-1 the new born will be communicating straight away, using gestures, sounds and expressions to communicate feelings, hunger, tiredness or happiness. At 3 months the baby should be making lots of different sounds exploring their voices and the sounds. They will start copying sounds that they hear and the bay will understand simple phrases like Where’s mummy gone?
Now at 2-areas the toddler will be developing their first couple of words mostly ‘daddy or ‘doggy. The toddler will then start improving by putting about 2 words together as they near the age of 2 like mummy gone! ‘ however the child’s words will not always be understandable but they will use different kinds of gestures, pointing to help them say what they want. Now the child has reached 2 throughout the year the child will be able to understand more and have I bigger vocabulary use, using up to 300 works.
The child becomes very inquisitive and their speech sound becomes will developed however they still have some trouble with sounds like ‘SSH, chi, J, the, r’ along with some others. 3-5 year olds will be speaking a lot, still asking lots of questions but now they will be ere imaginative as will pretend play. They will be learning to interact with peers more, being able to use much longer sentences however the child will be making grammatical mistakes like ‘l breaker the cup’ and will still be having trouble with ‘the, chi, sounds.
By the ages of 5-12 the child will be going through a long period of speech development, during school, talking to friends and at home. At the age of about 6 all speech sounds will be fully developed. He/she will be able to understand more difficult instructions, the child will be able to use all types of speech communication hey will be able to use their skills in different situation I. E. Home, school, with friends, reading, writing and spelling.
As the child reaches 12 their humor will be developing releasing what could be funny and what might not be, also their sarcasm At 12-15 the child will use language to solve more complex problems. He/she will have more of a understand of figurative language, sarcasm and word play for Jokes. The child will be learning lots of words, now approximately 7-10 words per day. Gradually sentences get longer and more complex ideas can be explained easier without turning for help. They are able to tell events or stories using better and a wider range of vocabulary, making it more engaging and interesting.
Ability to switch language styles according to situation more confidently. With stronger language ability I. E. Friends, teachers, work mates and parents. Between 15 and 19 years of age, the adolescent will be more aware of punctuation and have more understanding of words and metaphors. They develop a natural ability to communicate in different ways I. E. Actions. Intellectual In the babies first year the rate of their brain development will be growing fast, from -1 years they will be able to recognize certain peoples voices (mostly mothers, fathers or close family) and their faces.
After a few months the baby will be able to smile back after someone had smiled at them, this shows the brain already has an understanding of happiness. Sounds will have to develop and will eventually turn into a simple word like ‘mama’ he/she will also start to understand if you bang, shake, throw and hard object against something else that is hard will make a noise. Turning 1 the child’s vocabulary will start to grow, they will also be able to understand what is being said to them.
He/she will become more curious, start pointing at objects further away and will want to know what it is. The child will be able to pick up objects and use them for their correct purpose I. E. A telephone; however they will not do this for very long as their attention span is very short. Their imagination is developing so fast that they will have trouble understanding what is real and what is pretend. Now 2, the child starts having the ability to learn new skills, their memory will become stronger also their problem solving skills will improve.
The toddler will also begin to have a slight understanding and meaning to their experiences as does their imagination becomes more vivid. The child will be understanding 2-3 simple tasks at once since the child is between ages of 3-5, tasks such like ‘go pick that up and bring it to me’ as the child reaches 5 the tasks will become more complicated. Their brain will be able to sort objects into order, by size or the type I. E animals, color or shape. Between the ages of 5-8 the child is now taking in new information at school, they will be able to understand the time and days of the week.
He/she will be start to show a strong interest in reading, they will be able to see different points of view from other children and engage in a lengthy conversation with them, their ability to problem solve will increase however they will show difficulty in making choices for themselves. Begin to show the ability to identify left from right and right from wrong. During the ages of 8-12 the child will become more independent as they progress to high school, they will continue to develop in their decision making skills. Become more focused in their school grades than play centered activities.
The child starts aging advice from peers as they start being greatly influenced by them. Teenage years they will engage in more discussions than before and shops more interest in them, they will also crave the need to be important in the world. They will be able to plan things more realistically into the future and will be able to think for themselves on most occasions. By the ages of 15-19 they will have more concern for the future as they now know they have to start standing on their own 2 feet and as they become very much independent.
They will start setting goals for them self to reach hoping to make the eight choices, this will be important for the teen to succeed. However they become more absorbed in their own life and decisions’, taking constructive criticism is hard for them so there decisions will mainly be based on their own needs and wants. Social, emotional and behavioral At new-born the baby will respond to adults especially their mothers face and voice, they will smile and concentrate on adults faces during feeding time.
The baby will rely on adults for comfort and reassurance, he/she would generally quieted when held and cuddled. Their affection will start to show to the person they know best but loud become shy in front of strangers but they will enjoy being in company of others and start to show enjoyment in simple games like ‘peek-a-boo’ From 1, throughout the year the child will enjoy pleasing adults but can get Jealous of other children the same age, but they will be able to play with other children.
They will also start to show off all their abilities in front of people however when left alone with an adult they do not really know the toddler will start to show signs of distress and anxiety. 2-errs He/she will start to have a sense of their own identity and will want to do things for homeless, but they will still demand lots of adult attention. They will still become jealous if the attention is being given to others. The toddler wont share play toys also they will become very demanding by wanting their needs or wants have to be met instantly this is where their needs to be rules set for the toddler.
They will start to have random emotion tantrums however they do start to enjoy the company for older children as they know they will give them attention and will get away with things, they will be able to play with children of the same age but only for short periods of mime. Now between the ages of 3 and 5 the child will become a little more independent and self-motivated, being able to do things on their own I. E. Dress themselves, wash themselves etc. Hey will have more confidence, will feel more secure, be in surroundings their not used to and be with people their not familiar with for certain periods of time. He/she will feel the need to help out more for adults and will become children of their own age group, they will also be able to show more awareness of other children’s feelings and be able to show emotions with them. The child now bet weensy he ages of 5-8 he/she will start being able to make friend but they will need help when a difficult situation arises, also in taking turns.
They will have more of an understanding of rules however will not always stick to them if they don’t want to, they will enjoy helping out with others and will take responsibility for them self. Making relationships with others becomes easier and will start becoming easier to understand. Having a structure and a routine is important for the child so that they feel safe and comfortable but also when behavior becomes more Hellenizing they know what their limits are and the consequences. To 12 year olds will become less independent on adults who they are close to for support and now become more confident in a wider environment as they head to start secondary school. The hold will enjoy being in groups of children their own age for long periods of time and will become strongly influenced by them. Their understanding between different actions and behavior becomes more developed. Start to form closer friendships mostly with the same sex, however close the friendship becomes they will still need help to sort out any disagreements even more o with children they are not close to.
They also become more bossy, shy or uncertain. During the ages of 12-15 the child and becoming teenager will start to endure mood swings and will offer come verbally aggressive to the person with the authority figure. They will start taking more care with their appearance and will start to worry if it’s the right way to look, also popularity becomes a main part of this time period as actions will show. The child will start to become withdrawn from their parents or guardians, they will be more rebellious if they feel that they are not a loud to do things they want to do.
Their friendship groups become more varied and not Just a group of the same sex. Girls will also start to show more of an interest in boys than they do. 15-1 gyres Now they are moving towards total independence and will have more of a sense of them self. Their ability to entertain others is more developed also their ability to compromise with others to make better decisions and more important ones instead of Just being self-centered. As they head to being 18 they will become more risk takers and more adventurous. Feeling for another person in a relationship sense becomes strong as will their feelings.
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