articles of confederation study guide

a political system in which the supreme power lies in a body of citizens who can elect people to represent them

government free from external control

law determining the fundamental political principles of a government

a joining of several groups for a common purpose

a formal agreement establishing an association or alliance between nations or other groups to achieve a particular aim

a government tax on imports or exports

to approve

in complete agreement

become similar to one’s environment

a general and progressive increase in prices

a person appointed or elected to represent others

a person who represents others

persons who make or amend or repeal laws

Articles of Confederation
a written agreement ratified in 1781 by the thirteen original states, a written agreement ratified in 1781 by the thirteen original states

bill of rights
a statement of fundamental rights and privileges (especially the first ten amendments to the United States Constitution)

federal government
a government with strong central powers

state governments
Governments of each state

Northwest Ordinance
document that set up government in NW Territory and added 5 new states

unfavorable balance of trade
when a country’s imports are greater than its exports

the legislature of the United States government

Shays’ Rebellion
1786 revolt by Massachusetts farmers seeking relief from debt and foreclosure that was a factor in the calling of the Constitutional Convention

Philadelphia Convention
1787–12 colonies send delegates to revise the Articles of Confederation; Delegates soon agree the United States needs a new Constitution

Treaty of Paris
Signed by the United States and Spain in December 1898, this treaty ended the Spanish-American War. Under its terms, Spain recognized Cuba’s independence and assumed the Cuban debt; it also ceded Puerto Rico and Guam to the United States. At the insistence of the U.S. representatives, Spain also ceded the Phillipines. The Senate ratified the treaty on February 6, 1899.