Architecture Study Guide – Terms

Post and Lintel
like a table; the Lintel is the table and the Post is the leg

Colonnade
series of columns holding a structure

Fluted Column
capital decorated with two rows of acanthus leaves and four scrolls

Doric Order
Basic; oldest; Archaic period

Ionic Order
Elegant; Classical period; Volutes (scrolls)

Corinthian Order
Elaborate; variation of Ionic; Hellenistic period

Volutes
spiral scroll-like ornaments

Cella
chamber in a Temple

Acropolis →
city on a hill; fortified/military strategy

Romanesque
characterized by heavy masonry construction with narrow openings, features such as the round arch, the groin vault, and the barrel vault, and the introduction or development of the vaulting rib, the vaulting shaft, and central and western towers for churches.

Barrel Vault
basic curve, two arches; Groin Vault → two barrel vaults crossed

Arch
self explanatory

Arcade
Arches side by side

Triumphal Arch
honored heroes, victory ceremonies

Flying Buttress
thin arms of stone

Stained Glass
glass stained

Dome
arch spun 360 degrees

Lantern
a tall, more or less open construction admitting light to an enclosed area below

Oculus
a circular opening, esp. one at the apex of a dome

Pilasters
A rectangular column with a capital and base, projecting only slightly from a wall as an ornamental motif

Grandiose
impress and overwhelm

Linear Distortion
blurring, curvilinear walls

Over Decoration
scrollwork, oval windows, cherubs (little male babies)

Planned Exterior Spaces
Gardens and courtyards

Verticality
eyes towards the heavens

Centrality
eyes towards the doors

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