Architecture Study Guide – Terms

Post and Lintel
like a table; the Lintel is the table and the Post is the leg
Colonnade
series of columns holding a structure
Fluted Column
capital decorated with two rows of acanthus leaves and four scrolls
Doric Order
Basic; oldest; Archaic period
Ionic Order
Elegant; Classical period; Volutes (scrolls)
Corinthian Order
Elaborate; variation of Ionic; Hellenistic period
Volutes
spiral scroll-like ornaments
Cella
chamber in a Temple
Acropolis →
city on a hill; fortified/military strategy
Romanesque
characterized by heavy masonry construction with narrow openings, features such as the round arch, the groin vault, and the barrel vault, and the introduction or development of the vaulting rib, the vaulting shaft, and central and western towers for churches.
Barrel Vault
basic curve, two arches; Groin Vault → two barrel vaults crossed
Arch
self explanatory
Arcade
Arches side by side
Triumphal Arch
honored heroes, victory ceremonies
Flying Buttress
thin arms of stone
Stained Glass
glass stained
Dome
arch spun 360 degrees
Lantern
a tall, more or less open construction admitting light to an enclosed area below
Oculus
a circular opening, esp. one at the apex of a dome
Pilasters
A rectangular column with a capital and base, projecting only slightly from a wall as an ornamental motif
Grandiose
impress and overwhelm
Linear Distortion
blurring, curvilinear walls
Over Decoration
scrollwork, oval windows, cherubs (little male babies)
Planned Exterior Spaces
Gardens and courtyards
Verticality
eyes towards the heavens
Centrality
eyes towards the doors