APUSH Ch. 16 Vocab.

Homestead Act
•Act of 1862
•Permitted any citizen or prospective citizen to claim 160 acres of public land and to purchase it for a small fee after living on it for five years
•the nickname given to farmers on the Great Plains because they used plows to break up the thick grasssod) and reach the soil below
Joseph Glidden
•Invented barbed wire
Sitting Bull
•One of the leaders of the Sioux tribe.
•He was a medicine man ” as wily as he was influential.”
•He became a prominent Indian leader during the Sioux Was from 1876-1877.( The war was touched off when a group of miners rushed into the Black Hills of South Dakota in 1875.) The well-armed warriors at first proved to be a superior force.
•During Custer’s Last Stand in 1876, _____ ___was ” making medicine” while another Indian, Crazy Horse, led the Sioux. When more whites arrived at the Battle of Little Big Horn, _____ ___ and the other Sioux we forced into Canada.
George Cluster
•The “White Chief with Yellow Hair,”
•Colonel who discovered gold in the Black Hills on the Sioux reservation, and fought the Battle of the Little Big Horn in an attempt to suppress the Indians.
•He was seen as a big hero in the East.
Texas Rangers
•An uninformed militia which drove out Indians
Sand Creek Massacre
• In 1864, Colonel J. M. Chivington’s militia massacred four hundred Indians who thought that they had been granted immunity.
Dawes Act
•1887, dismantled American Indian tribes, set up individuals as family heads with 160 acres, tried to make rugged individualists out of the Indians, attempt to assimilate the Indian population into that of the American
Treaty of Fort Laramie
• 1868
•Treaty signed after the massacre of Fetterman’s troops by the Sioux Indians.
•The government abandoned the construction of the Bozeman trail, and guaranteed the “Great Sioux reservation” to the Indians.
Helen H. Jackson
•an author who wrote A Century of Dishonor which chronicled the government’s actions against the Indians.
•She also wrote Romona, which was a love story about Indians.
•Her writing helped inspire sympathy towards the Indians.
•Nomadic Indians
•Northern and western Texas
•Feared in Texas
Ghost Dance
•Scared many whites
•A cult that tried to call the spirits of past warriors to inspire the young braves to fight.
•It was crushed at the Battle of Wounded Knee after spreading to the Dakota Sioux.
•The ___ ___ led to the Dawes Severalty Act of 1887.
• This act tried to reform Indian tribes and turn them into “white” citizens. It did little good.
“Peace Policy”
•Grant treated natives with respect
•Minimize military contact
William Cody
•American solider, bison hunter,& showman
•aka Buffalo Bill
Carlisle Indian School
• School in Pennsylvania to educate and civilize Indians.
•Motto = “Kill the Indian and save the man”
Lakota Sioux
•Sioux war of 1876
•Conflict between the gov. and ___
Wounded Knee
•A group of white Christian reformist tried to bring Christian beliefs on to the Indians.
•Fearing the Ghost Dance American troops were called to go with the reformist.
•While camped outside of an Indian reservation a gun was fired and the troops stormed the reservation killing Indian men women and children.
Chief Joseph
•Leader of Nez Perce.
•Fled with his tribe to Canada instead of reservations.
•However, US troops came and fought and brought them back down to reservations
Transcontinental Railroad
•Railroad that connected the eastern United States to the western United States

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