AP government chapter 12 The presidency

A constitutional procedure by which federal judges and civil officers can be removed from office before their terms expire.
Twenty-fifth Amendment
Legislation that specifies the condition and order of succession to the presidency and vice presidency when the president leaves office before completion of his term.
” In and Outers”
People who alternate between jobs in the federal government and employment in the private sector.
White House Office
Presidential staff who oversee the policy interest of the president.
Veto message
A statement sent to congress, by the president giving the reasons for vetoing a bill.
Pyramid structure
The chief executive in a parliamentary system who is chosen by legislature.
Executive privilege
The presidential assertions of the right to withhold certain information from congress.
Office Of Management and Budget
The organization responsible for preparing the federal budget and for central clearance of legislative proposals from federal agencies.
Independent agencies
Agencies headed by appointees who server for fixed terms and can be removed only “for cause”.
Impoundment of funds
A presidential refusal to spend money appropriated by congress.
Executive Offices of the President
Agencies that preform staff services for the president but are not a part of the White house.
View of the presidential decision-making which stresses what the public wants.
Line-item veto
The power of some governors,(and the president in a limited way between 1996-1998) to veto portions of a bill instead of having to veto the entire the entire bill.
Electoral college
A legal system by which states select electors who then vote for the president and vice president .
Article 2
A statement that defines the constitutional powers of the president.
ad-hoc structure
A method of organizing a president’s staff in which several task forces, committees, and informal groups deal directly with the president.
A president’s councils of advisers
Circular structure
A method of organizing a president’s staff in which several presidential assistants report directly to the president.
View of presidential decisions making which stresses what the public interest requires.
Direct democracy
A political system in which all or most citizens participate directly by either holding office or making policy.
Divided Government
A government in which one party controls the White House and another party controls one or both houses of congress.
Lame duck
A politician who is still in the office after having lost a reelection bid.
Legislative Veto
The rejection of a presidential or administrative action by a vote of one or both houses of congress without the consent of the president.
The fringe benefits of holding office.
Pocket Veto
A form of veto in which the president fails to sign a bill passed by both houses within ten days and congress has adjourned during that time.
Prime minister
A method of organizing a president’s staff in which most presidential assistants report through a hierarchy to the president’s chief of staff
Representative Democracy
A political system in which leaders and representatives acquire political power by means of a competitive struggle for the peoples vote.
Unified Government
A government in which the same party controls the White House and both houses of Congress.
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