Anthropology Review

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Student Review for Exam 1What are the four sub-fields of Anthropologyarchaeology,
biological anthropology,
linguistic anthropology, and
cultural and social anthropology.What do we mean when we say that anthropology is holisticmeaning it takes into
consideration politics, economy,
history, language, kinship, religion,
art, and environmentWhat is Ethnology
It is an account of a particular community, society or cultureWhat is a universal? Give an example.
Cultural constructs found in every culture such as marriage, birth, puberty, death, parenthoodWhat does the rapidity of change mean in reference to human cultureHow quickly things change over timeWhat is enculturationChildren learn about the traditions and behaviors of their society through a process called enculturation
What is adaptationThe process by which organisms cope
with environmental forces and stressesWhat historical development is the emergence of Anthropology associated withThe idea that societies change over timeCan sound conclusions about human nature be formulated from the study of a single population? Why or why notNo, how can people of different appearances, mutually unintelligible languages, and dissimilar ways of life get along peaceably together
What are the funerary practices of the Berawan and why do they NOT want to come to the U.SThe Berawan do not burry their dead immediately and in order to be free to enter the afterlife, the corpse must decay
Thus, the U.S. practice of embalming has, according to the Berawan, created a nation of “undead” zombies
What are generalities and particularitiesgeneralities – common to many but not all human groups (i.

e. nuclear family)
particularities – unique to certain cultural traditions (i.e. foods)Define locomotion.
movement or the ability to move from one place to another.

What is Social DarwinismRacial Classification – the attempt to assign
humans a…

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