Western Apache’s do not refer to others as friends in public; they do not ask how someone is feeling in public. Apache’s do not make a big deal of entering or leaving a room, rather they are unobtrusive. In Apache culture, one does not ask if someone is hungry or touch them in a social setting. Also, the Apaches do not talk about misfortune for fear of bringing misfortune on.
White men, especially American white men consider all of the above mentioned items social courtesies and appropriate for conversation.
Sociologists study speech performance and attempt to identify, describe, and understand the ways in which language is used in different social contexts. They look at who is speaking, who is listening, what the purpose of the speech is and other factors to see how we use language in different social contexts.
Hierarchical societies, the most powerful group generally determine what is “power” in language.
At the bottom and top the social hierarchy, there is little variation because the people who are the richest and the poorest have little concern or chance of changing their position on the social ladder. Middle-class people, however, use casual, vernacular speech around family and close relations in order to be the same as their peers, but they use similar speech patterns to the wealthy in situations where they are concerned with raising their social status.
Creole is a language composed of elements of two or more different languages. But unlike a pidgin, people do speak Creoles as their first languages, and the vocabulary of these languages is as complex and rich as any others
This ability is often central to their identities and their introductions inside and outside of their commutes.
One example of this is students in predominately black high schools who speak SSAE in the classroom and AAVE with their friends.