During my a yearlong stay in Australia in 2009, one time I happened to see St Mary 's Cathedral in Sydney and informant Sunday Services, a formalistic manner of communal worship by the followings of universe 's largest and celebrated faith - the Christianity. The services involved vocalizing of anthem, reading of poetries from the Holy Scriptures and perchance a Psalm, a discourse by the Archbishop and so Baptisms of a few immature trusters. The services were followed by a really enlightening guided circuit of the Cathedral giving a speedy penetration into the history of the Christianity in Australia in general and of St Mary 's Cathedral in peculiar.
Impressed by the enriched history of the Christianity and captivated by this really orderly and benevolent manner of offering supplications by the Christian 's ' Catholic community, I aimed to analyze the Christian faith in item and research its assorted facets. However, the most critical factor which led me to compose this paper is my avidity to understand and analyse a shadowy and controversial yet critical Christians ' Doctrine of the Trinity, as during my visit to the Cathedral I was amazed to see the discourse and anthem lauding the God, the Christ and the Holy Spirit while seting them all at equal to one and another, despite of the fact that the Christianity, besides Judaism and Islam, is a Monotheistic faith which believes in merely one God.
In pursuit to my avidity to understand and research on the capable affair, I went through a figure of books and research articles about Christianity in general and the Doctrine of Trinity in peculi...
ar written by legion authors professing differing school of ideas. Having gone through all these Hagiographas, my understanding about the Doctrine of Trinity remained every bit bewildering as of all time before. However, being a pupil of MPhil in Socio-Cultural Anthropology one time I tried to analyze the capable affair in anthropological position, my apprehension of the issue became much explicit and I could do sense of many implicit in facts about this cryptic religion of Christianity.
While making my research work and composing this paper I have used the secondary information. However, I to the full acknowledge and thank for the continual aid provided by my teachers, my category chaps, and the Bahria University 's library staff during my extended research work.
The most debated enigma of the Christians ' religion has been the philosophy of Trinity, which describes God as triune made up of three godly entities ; God the Father, God the Son i.e. Jesus Christ, and God the Holy Spirit. These three entities, despite being distinguishable from one another in their visual aspect and signifier, are co-perpetual with no beginning, co-equivalent in power, co-subsistent in integrity and co-substantial.
Advocates of the philosophy of Trinity claim that it is founded on the footing of the instructions of the Holy Scripture and their centuries old spiritual patterns. Whereas, the critics of this philosophy denounce it on the footing that there is no mentioning of God as Triune in the Holy Scripture. They argue that Jesus Christ has ne'er been mentioned in the Bible
as equal to God in any facet ; instead he has ever been subservient to God Almighty. They besides contend that the Holy Spirit is non an entity but God 's kernel. They proclaim that the philosophy of Trinity is a self-fabricated and semisynthetic Christian religion influenced by heathen beliefs of early heathens who converted to Christian faith in the first few centuries of Christianity.
Since its origin about 15 centuries ago, despite of the fact that the philosophy of Trinity has been the most controversial dogma of Christianity, most of the Christians followings have ne'er tried to analyse its contents. Many Christian believe the Trinity philosophy to be true as they think it is immoral and unbecoming of a Christian to critic a spiritual philosophy. However the fact is, most of the Christians, despite holding house religion in their spiritual instructions, are puzzled about the cryptic temperament of the philosophy of Trinity and hold failed to protect it when challenged. Once stuck up, their eventual response is that it is hard to grok the philosophy of Trinity as God is beyond human perceptual experience.
There is another worrying facet of this go oning argument. A figure of accounts and temperaments exist today about the veracity of the philosophy of Trinity. Harmonizing to one of the temperament that most Christians believe, God is one being that appears in three typical ways ; i.e. God the Father, God the Son, and God the Holy Spirit. These people give illustration of H2O to back up their temperament which appears in three typical signifiers ; i.e. liquid, ice and steam. Harmonizing to another temperament of Trinity philosophy, Godhead is made up of three typical entities who are co-perpetual with no beginning, co-equivalent in power, co-subsistent in integrity and co-substantial.
Notwithstanding the above, the purpose of this paper is to research and grok the Christians ' Doctrine of Trinity from different facets including the anthropological position. In making so, I will foremost briefly glimpse at Christianity as a faith while looking into its beginning, brief history and the basic beliefs. Then I will consider upon one of the most controversial dogma of Christianity, i.e. the philosophy of Trinity. In this portion of the paper, I will turn to some of critical inquiries refering the Doctrine of Trinity and will seek to happen their replies from the available texts and Hagiographas. Thereupon, I will analyze the said philosophy from anthropological position while using a Gallic societal theoretician Michael Foucault 's celebrated theory on 'knowledge is power ' . I will besides foreground positions about faith by a few other great philosophers like Ludwig Feuerbach, Karl Marx, Emile Durkheim and Sigmund Freud. At the terminal I will pull my decision.
Christian religion at a Glance
Its Origin, Brief History and Basic Beliefs
The Christianity, originally a monotheistic faith, started its calling as a sub-sect of Judaism about 2,000 old ages ago. It is based on the instructions of a Judaic sermonizer named Yeshua, normally known as Jesus Christ, who lived in Nazareth, a little town in Galilee of Roman state Judaea. Yeshua was born to a Virgin Mary between 7 and 4
BCE. At a really immature age, he started prophesying true instructions of Hebrew Bible which were non liked by the Judaic priests and the Roman swayers of that clip as it was sabotaging their authorization and social place. In 30 CE, he was prosecuted for doing lawlessness and was accordingly executed in Jerusalem by the Roman governments on the orders of the Roman Prefect, Pontius Pilate. After Yeshua 's executing and subsequent Godhead Resurrection, his 12 apostles, ab initio led by Saint Simon Peter and subsequently by Saint James, originated a Judaic reform motion, aimed to prophesy Yeshua 's existent instructions about Judaism.
Around 34 CE, an oppressor of Judaic Christians, named Saul of Tarsus, while going on the route from Jerusalem to Damascus on a mission to grok the Judaic Christians who had escaped prosecution, had a vision of the resurrected Jesus in a great visible radiation. He instantly embraced Christianity and changed his name to Paul. He started prophesying a new aspect of Christianity, subsequently known as Pauline Christianity, which was chiefly aimed on Gentiles ( i.e. gentiles ) existing in the Mediterranean part.
The 3rd contending political orientation of Christian religion had its beginning in Gnostic, which believe that God sent his spirit through Jesus to eliminate agonies of world on Earth by uncovering cognition to the human being. Apart from Jewish, Pauline and Gnostic religion systems, there had been a figure of other Christian beliefs being practiced. However, subsequent to the first Jews-Roman War in 70 CE in which Jerusalem was wholly devastated by the Roman ground forces, the Judaic reform motion was besides largely dispelled excessively far off countries. This resulted into rapid flourishing of Gnostic and Pauline Christian religion systems within the Roman Empire and Gentiles taking taking places in the Churches.
As comparison to other beliefs systems, the Pauline Christianity grew quickly, and by 313 CE the Roman Emperors recognized Pauline Christianity as a lawful faith and by 387 CE declared it as the lone official faith of the Roman Empire, supplanting all earlier sorts of faiths being practiced under the Roman regulation. Consequently, all other faith systems of Christianity, including that of Gnostic were punitorily oppressed.
In the succeeding 12 centuries, the Christianity spread to most parts of the Europe and North Africa and Middle East. However, after the 16th century, Christianity moved to South and North America, Africa, Asia, Australia, and other parts of the universe. As of today, the Christianity is universe 's most popular and biggest faith with around 2.34 billion followings, representing 33.35 % of universe 's entire population and turning farther at the rate of 1.38 % per annum. Christianity continues to be the taking faith of Europe, North & A ; South America, Australia, Southern Africa, and the lone province faith of several states.
During the seventh century CE, power in the Christian universe became polarized in Rome and Constantinople. The two power centres of Christianity increasingly moved off in their beliefs and patterns. In 1054 CE, these differences were officially accredited by the spiritual curates giving birth to Eastern Orthodox and Roman Catholic churches. Subsequently on, in the sixteenth century
assorted splits including the Protestant Reformation caused decomposition within the Roman Catholic Church giving birth to Protestant denomination. Consequently, as of today there are three chief groups practising Christianity worldwide ; the Eastern Orthodox Church, the Roman Catholic Church, and the Protestant Churches. There are other little denominations as good, like Oriental Orthodox, Assyrian Church etc. Of all the Christians in the universe today about half are Roman Catholic.
Although, there are contrasting positions and accounts about the Holy Bible, Christians have some cardinal beliefs which they consider indispensable to their religion. The most critical belief of Christianity is the acknowledgment of Jesus as the Son of God and the Messiah. Christians believe that God has sent Jesus to salvage humanity, and to carry through his promise as prophesied in the Hebrew Bible.
Researching the Doctrine of Trinity
What is the Doctrine of Trinity all about?
The Christians ' philosophy of Trinity describes God as triune made up of three godly entities ; God the Father, God the Son ( Jesus Christ ) , and God the Holy Spirit. These three entities, though typical from one another in their signifier and visual aspect, are co-perpetual with no beginning, co-equivalent in power, co-subsistent in integrity and consubstantial. Harmonizing to this philosophy, one God exist in three typical entities. Each entity exist perpetually and with no beginning. Each one is tantamount in power, neither greater nor lesser than the others. And each one is a complete God in all aspect that mean all three entities are equal in power, place, cognition and clip. These three entities, set together, are termed as the Godhead. The Athanasian Creed describes Trinity as " the Father is God, the Son is God, and the Holy Spirit is God, and yet there are non three Supreme beings but one God '' .
Harmonizing this Doctrine, the three entities though distinguishable from one another in their visual aspect and signifier, can non be separated from one another. In other words, God is non dividable that each entity may hold a portion of the whole. Alternatively, each entity is considered to be a complete God. However, each entity has distinguishable relation, the Father is un-begotten ; the Son is begotten of the Father ; and the Holy Spirit returns from the Father and ( harmonizing to Roman Catholic belief ) from the Son. Notwithstanding their typical dealingss, the three entities co-equivalent in power, co-subsistent in integrity. The construct of Trinity is explained by the early theologists in this crude diagram.
Harmonizing to research workers, the word "Trinity '' is non mentioned even one time in the Holy Scripture, but used by the ancient Christian theologists to show the philosophy of the integrity of God as existing in three distinguishable Persons. Some historiographers are of the position that the English word " Trinity '' came from the Greek word "trias '' , which means "the figure three '' or "a set of three '' and its first documented use in Christian divinity was by Theophilus in 170 CE. However, some research workers argue that the word "Trinity '' came from the Latin word "Trinitas '' ,
which means " the figure three, a three '' , and it was foremost used by a Latin theologian Tertullian in 220 CE to show this philosophy.
How the Doctrine of Trinity developed into a Christian Faith?
Till the terminal of the second century CE, most of the Christians were consentaneous in one cardinal belief ; i.e. they all believed in the omnipotence of God the Father. They all believed God the Father as Almighty, the lone absolute, incontestable, indefinable and ageless with no beginning. However, with the transition of clip the heathen spiritual traditions started to crawl in Christianity ensuing into gradual but grim drifting from monotheistic beliefs to triune divinity.
Most of the research workers are of the position that the beginning of the three philosophy is linked to a contention, frequently known as" the Arian contention '' , that started in Alexandria, Egypt in the beginning of the fourth century CE. A bishop of Alexandria endeavored to clarify 'the integrity of the Holy Trinity ' . A presbyter named Arius disagreed with the positions presented by Alexander. Thus a duologue of differing positions started between the two which reached to a high province of strife that a synod was called at Alexandria in 321 C.E. to decide the issue. The bishops backed the Alexander 's point of positions and ousted Arius for disputing the Alexander. However, Arius still had ample support outdoors, as legion weighty bishops of his clip scripturally agreed with him.
The grim argument on the topic caused unrest in the whole Roman Empire and Constantine the Great, in order to decide the issue invited all bishops of the Christian Church ( around 300 at that clip ) at Nicaea in May 325 CE Consequently, the credo of Nicaea was signed by 218 bishops which endorsed Jesus Christ as God the Son co-equal to God the Father.
Subsequently, a 2nd council of bishops was called at Constantinople in the twelvemonth 381 CE, in which the coating touch to the philosophy of Trinity was given by declaring God, Jesus and the Holy Spirit co-equivalent in power, co-perpetual with no beginning, co-subsisting in integrity and co-substantial. From that clip the Roman Emperors resolved and proclaimed they would penalize all Christians who would non believe in the Trinity philosophy and worship one God as triune made up of three entities. Therefore, the philosophy of the Trinity was officially recognized as the cardinal belief of Christianity which is followed for the last 15 centuries.
What are the Factors that inspired the Formulation of the Doctrine of Trinity?
Harmonizing to most of the research workers the premier factor that influenced the philosophy of Trinity to explicate into a cardinal belief of Christianity has been its connexions with the pagan religion. All the manner through crude epoch, as far back as Babylonia, heathens used to idolize Gods in three. Such sort of heathen spiritual traditions were widespread even during the Christ epoch, as in Babylonia three Gods Ishtar, Sin and Shamash were worshiped, in India three Gods Siva, Brahma and Vishnu were worshiped and in Egypt triad Gods Horus, Osiris and Isis were worshiped. With the spread of
Christianity particularly the Pauline 's ministry during the first two centuries CE, most of the heathens in the Mediterranean basin converted to Christianity. They brought with them their centuries old socio-cultural traditions and spiritual beliefs. After the decease of the Apostles, such heathen beliefs began to crawl in Christianity.
Some research workers are besides of the position that one of the factor behind preparation of philosophy of Trinity as Christians ' cardinal religion had been the personal involvement of the Roman emperors to exert maximal powers over multitudes by working faith through the usage of Church as a tool. It was in this context that the Constantine the Great, after coming into power in 312 CE, ended the subjugation and bullying of Christians and which were earlier go oning by the Roman Emperors since the godly Resurrection of Jesus Christ. While using a different political scheme, he offered broad runing grants in the signifier of societal, political and military benefits to those who would change over to Christianity. His scheme succeeded and 1000s of heathens embraced Christianity therefore enabling Constantine to exert more powers over the Church personal businesss. Constantine 's engagement in spiritual personal businesss was to such an extent that he himself presided over the proceedings of the Council of Nicaea and while exerting his political power he coerced the bishops to back his triune divinity.
What Justifications the Trinitarians have about the Doctrine of Trinity?
The people who support the Doctrine of Trinity, normally known as the Trinitarians, warrant it on the footing that some poetries in the Holy Bible, have specific mention to the three entities as distinguishable entities in a individual narration.
The Trinitarians deduce the poetries from the Holy Scripture to confirm their claim that the philosophy of Trinity is divinely divine, as three in one individual occult. They argue, though there is no reference of the word Trinity in the Holy Scripture, still it provides adequate citing stuff and counsel upon which the philosophy of the Trinity could be formulated.
On What Grounds the Non-Trinitarians cull the Doctrine of Trinity?
Many groups in Christianity, normally known as non-Trinitarians, cull with the philosophy of Trinity, and the manner the God is described in the Three and His relation with Jesus Christ and the Holy Spirit. The non-Trinitarians besides disagree in their positions about the nature of Jesus Christ that how diversely he has been described ; sometime a godly individual 2nd to God, sometime a begotten Son of God Father, sometime a Messiah or Jesus of humanity, sometime a prophesier or courier of God, and sometime merely a sacred adult male. The non-Trinitarians besides denounce the philosophy of Trinity on the footing that the look "God the Father '' , "God the Son '' and "God the Holy Spirit '' were ne'er professed or preached by the Jesus Christ or his Apostles. They, instead, believed in One Almighty God worthy of all worship.
Some Christian history research workers and spiritual bookmans besides differ about the legitimacy of the philosophy of Trinity. They argue that the philosophy of Trinity was formulated by the Christians theologists after about three hundred old ages of
Jesus Resurrection. The four Canonical Gospels written by John, Luke, Mark and Mathew between 70 and 115 CE did non hold any mentioning of the Trinity. Even Paul the Apostle, who brought in many foreign political orientations into Christianity, ne'er advocated the Trinity.
What the Holy Qur'an say about the Doctrine of Trinity?
Harmonizing to the Islamic Holy book the Qur'an the Christians ' construct of Trinity is self-fabricated and non in line with the monotheistic instructions of God 's Prophetss including that of Jesus. The Qur'an describes Jesus, alternatively of Son of God, an of import and well-thought-of prophesier of Islam who was born, by the will of the God, to a Virgin Mary. Harmonizing to Qur'an instructions, Jesus is the Messenger of God who was deputed to prophesy Jews the existent instructions of Hebrew Bible, and to rejuvenate and repeat God 's original message, i.e. Ten Commandments, which was earlier revealed to Prophet Moses. The Qur'an reveals that Jesus was created by the will of God, like Adam, out of dust and without any humanoid interaction. The Qur'an defines God as entirely Almighty transcendent of all, who is un-begotten and has non begotten any one, and there is no 1 equal to him. Therefore, Jesus being a mere creative activity of God can ne'er be a God, equal to God or a portion of God. So, any believe in the construct of Trinity is considered as blasphemy in Islam.
Anthropological Position about the
Doctrine of Three
In the predating paragraphs I have tried to research the Christians ' Doctrine of Trinity from different historiographers and research workers ' point of position. The survey confirmed that this philosophy had no roots in the instructions of Jesus Christ, his Apostles or the early Christian theologists. It was bit by bit evolved and formulated after at least three hundred old ages of Christ Resurrection. No uncertainty, this philosophy has been in hot treatment in the Christian universe for centuries and has retained the cardinal most infinite in Christian divinity. Though, dozenss of literature has been written down to analyze this Trinitarian philosophy, but its apprehension remains every bit bewildering as of all time before. Now, in order to grok this philosophy from anthropological position I will seek to deconstruct it by traveling through its contents and by discourse analyses while using Michael Foucault 's theory on 'knowledge is power ' .
In order to make that I will use his structural theory to deconstruct this philosophy as power is employed to analyze cognition, i.e. the construct of dianoetic formations. Foucault has a alone lens to see the universe, societies, and its different establishments, and to utilize his ain position about the cognition and power. His first statement is that " all relationships are the relationships of power '' which are diffused in the cloth of society ontologically, and its intrinsic impulse to command others, everyone, and everything. He argues that in the human cultural history irrespective of clip and infinite as a major regulation homo wants to command human by nature. Foucault divides all human history in three episteme ; pre-historic, spiritual and scientific episteme severally. He
describes faith as a tool to command people. In his position, cognition such as Bibles, symbols, myths and rites play a polar function to turn out legitimacy of any faith.
Knowledge is information and accomplishments acquired through experience and instruction. Foucault describes four types of contending cognition that exist at analogue in a society ; i.e. dominant, low-level, marginalized and muted cognition. Harmonizing to Foucault, cognition as power is used really carefully and politically by the cognition Godheads to command human head. Dominant cognition Godheads are the drivers of the society as an elect category in the Marxist paradigm. Dominant cognition manufacturers create cognition as discourse which elect some people, and give them the regard to justice multitudes in the society, which means society is panoptical and persons are under changeless surveillance that they are making their occupations decently. If some pervert from their function so the system declare them unfit and set them into refuge.
In Foucault 's position the society is held up in semblance and false consciousness. He annihilates all beliefs, norms, traditions and regulations as discourse created by the dominant cognition manufacturers which are overpoweringly imposed on the society. He proclaims that "no cognition is reliable, all are socially constructed. '' In line with many other postmodernists, Foucault argues that the ground to contend between cognition is that there is a spread between the surface cognition and life cognition. The corollary of the constructs of Foucault is "governing under the rubric of cognition as power to rule the ideas of society '' .
Now using Foucault 's theory on to the Doctrine of Trinity, we would measure its legitimacy as godly disclosure or socially constructed divinity. As we explored earlier, the philosophy of Trinity came into being through a gradual development that took over two centuries. The Christianity that started its calling as a pure monotheistic faith drifted easy but inexorably toward polytheistic beliefs under the influence of heathen traditions and the dominant category of that clip, i.e. the Roman emperors.
The earlier Christian theologists like Gnostic ( 50 CE ) , Justin Martyr ( 150 CE ) , Theophilus ( 169 CE ) , Irenaeus ( 177 CE ) , Tertullian ( 192 CE ) , Clement ( 215 CE ) , Hippolytus ( 220 CE ) , Origen ( 230 CE ) , Sibellius ( 255 CE ) and Arius ( 320 CE ) played their function in the preparation of philosophy of Trinity by continuously specifying and re-defining the nature of God, Jesus Christ, and the Holy Spirit and their dealingss to one another. Throughout this procedure the dominant category of that clip used its political musculuss to maintain the philosophy in line with the province mechanism. In short, the cognition created by the spiritual theologists and bookmans in coaction with the governing category was employed to exert maximal power, and that power was used to command the multitudes.
Now we will interchange the lens of Michael Foucault with other great philosophers of 19th and 20th centuries in order to analyse this philosophy in their ain constructs and perceptual experiences. One of the great figure the societal philosopher
and the most influential political atheist Karl Marx has a really alone mercenary universe position to see the procedures in the society. He proclaims a conflict position of faith as "the physiological reaction of existent universe '' , "the illusive felicity of work forces '' , " the suspiration of the laden animal '' , "the opium of the people '' or "the opiate of the multitudes. '' In his theory of category faith with all its constituents is used to continue the dominant political orientation of the elect category, and its beliefs and rites play a critical function for the justification of development of its disciples.
Another German philosopher and an anthropologist Ludwig Feuerbach in his book The Essence of Christianity defines spiritual beliefs as the "lone projection of elements of human experience into objects of worship. '' Sigmund Freud, an Austrian brain doctor who became known as the establishing male parent of depth psychology, gave a psychoanalytical position of faith that profess spiritual beliefs to be really true as a hypnotic status in the society and supernatural as an semblance and a powerful father figure.
On the other manus we besides have a functionalist position in the sociological tradition. Emile Durkheim, a Gallic sociologist normally cited as the principal designer of modern societal scientific discipline and male parent of sociology, describes faith as demands which are necessary for the endurance and solidarity of society. In his book In Elementary Forms of Religious Life, he defines faith as `` a incorporate system of beliefs and patterns relative to sacred. ''
There are different schools of idea that have different positions of spiritual beliefs. Some have mercenary or conflicted positions and some have functionalist positions and some every bit blind as an semblance. However, most of these philosophers agree that faith is non preternaturally inspired but fundamentally an illusory, socially constructed in the society for different grounds. Societies create and shape their faiths harmonizing to the involvements of the opinion and dominant category. Including Michael Foucault, there are many versions of cognition and we are seeking to research. We are familiar with some of them and we are nescient of many as yet. Here I want to accommodate the Socratic phrase that "I know that I know nil ''
Christianity faith, created out of Judaism, started its calling with a strictly monotheistic divinity about 2,000 old ages ago. There is non a individual mark in the pages of the Gospels, or of the Acts of the Apostles of any effort to present any different theological construct of the Unity of God than that which for ages had been known to the Judaic people. During the first two centuries Christianity preserved its native and beautiful simpleness, and was comprehended in a little figure of articles. However, from the 3rd century onward pagan spiritual divinities started to crawl in Christianity and within the following few decennaries the faith was infected by many self-fabricated divinities, including the philosophy of the Trinity.
Since its origin, there has been a uninterrupted argument between the protagonists and oppositions of this philosophy about its genuineness. The protagonists, known as Trinitarians, argue that
the philosophy of Trinity is based on the mentions mentioned in the Holy Scripture with respect to the nature and dealingss of God the Father, with the Son the Holy Spirit. On the other manus non-Trinitarians reject this philosophy on the footing that it is non based on the original instructions of Jesus Christ, his Apostles or the earlier Christian bookmans, instead it was developed in the ulterior old ages by the spiritual bookmans and theologists.
For the last 15 centuries, the philosophy of Trinity has been the basis of Christian beliefs. Most of the Christians believe in the Three but do non to the full grok its complicity and are unable defend it one time challenged. So in order to grok this philosophy we tried to analyse it under the anthropological position. There we could make the decision that that the philosophy of Trinity was devised by the Christian bookmans in the last one-fourth of the 4th century at the council of Nicaea and later at the council of Constantinople under the influence of the pagan religion divine minority theologists and the Roman governing category to function their vested involvements.
Most of the 19th and 20th century philosophers, including Michael Foucault, position faith as a mean of cognition to exert power and a tool to command people. It was in the same context that the philosophy of Trinity was devised 15 centuries ago to exert power and command the multitudes. But now the universe has changed, the scientific discipline has developed to a degree that many of the spiritual beliefs based on semisynthetic factitious political orientations have been proven false. Now it is the clip that Christian theologists and spiritual bookmans sit together and revisit their faith beliefs, including that of philosophy of the Trinity.
- Baptism essays
- Holy Spirit essays
- Jesus Christ essays
- Adam And Eve essays
- Bishop essays
- Catholicism essays
- Christian Terms essays
- Conceptions Of God essays
- Crucifixion Of Jesus essays
- Crusades essays
- Eucharist essays
- God In Christianity essays
- God The Father essays
- Pope essays
- Protestantism essays
- Christ essays
- Christian essays
- Church essays
- Elizabeth essays
- Latter-day saints essays
- Orthodoxy essays
- Sacrament essays
- Protestant Reformation essays
- Catholic Church essays
- Lord essays
- Priest essays
- Tsar essays
- Spirituality essays
- Angel essays
- Afterlife essays
- alternative religions essays
- Atheism essays
- Bible essays
- Buddhism essays
- Christian Worldview essays
- Christianity essays
- Confession essays
- Cosmological Argument essays
- Deism essays
- Deity essays
- Devil essays
- Existence of God essays
- Faith essays
- Freedom Of Religion essays
- God essays
- Hinduism essays
- Immortality essays
- Islam essays
- Jainism essays
- Jews essays