Anorexia Nervosa Anorexia Nervosa plays a big role in our society today. Anorexia affects mostly girls and women (90-95%), it can also affect boys and men. “Anorexia Nervosa is a mental disorder in which one drastically reduces their caloric intake and often increases their physical activity to effect dramatic unhealthy weight loss” (book). In our paper we will discuss what anorexia nervosa is, what causes it, how it affects people’s life, and what treatments you can get to help stop anorexia.
Anorexia is more than just a problem with food. It’s a way of using food or starving oneself to feel more in control of life and to ease tension, anger, and anxiety. Someone with anorexia may use extreme measures to lose weight by making her or himself throw up, taking pills to urinate or have a bowel movement, taking diet pills, not eating or eating very little, exercising a lot even in bad weather or when hurt or tired, weighing food and counting calories, or moving food around the plate instead of eating it.
Someone with anorexia may also have a distorted body image, shown by thinking she or he is fat, wearing baggy clothes, weighing her or himself many times a day, and fearing weight gain. Anorexia can also cause someone to not act like her or himself. She or he may talk about weight and food all the time, not eat in front of others, be moody or say, or not wanting to go out with their friends. These are all signs and symptoms of someone that may be anorexic.
There is no single known cause of anorexia, but some things may play a part of anorexia. Women in the U. S. today are under constant pressure to fit a certain idea of beauty. Seeing images of thin females everywhere makes it hard for women to feel good about their bodies. Men are also feeling pressure to have a perfect body. If you have someone in your immediate family with anorexia, you are more likely to develop the disorder.
Parents who think looks are important, diet themselves, or criticize their children’s bodies are more likely to have a child with anorexia. Traumatic events like rape as well as stressful things like starting a new job, can lead to the onset of anorexia. Someone with anorexia may not like her or himself, hate the way they look, or feel hopeless. She or he often pushes their selves to reach goals for their self and tries to be perfect in every way. Genes, hormones, and chemicals in the brain may be factors in developing anorexia.