Anatomy physiology anatomical positions Flashcard

dorsal
toward to at the backside of the body
medial
toward or at the midline of the body on the inner side of the body
lateral
away from the midline of the body on the outer side of the body
proximal
close to the origin of the body party or the point go attachment of a lim to the trunk of the body
distal
farther from the origin of a body part or the point of attachment of a limb to the body trunk
superficial (external)
toward or at the body surface
deep (internal)
away from the body surface more internal
superior
toward the dead end or upper part of a structure of the body above
inferior
away form the head end or toward the lower part of the body
ventral
toward the front of the body in front of something
Right Upper
right hypochondriac region
upper middle
epigastric region
left upper
left hypochondriac region
middle right
right lumbar region
middle
umbilical region
middle left
left lumbar region
right lower
right iliac region
lower middle
hypogastric region
left lower
left iliac region
medial
cuts the body in half laterally right and left
forntal
cuts the body in half front and back
transverse
cuts the body in half top and bottom
posterior
toward the back of the body
dorsal cavity
surface of the human body, where it is subdivided into the cranial cavity housing the brain and the spinal cavity housing the spinal cord.
vertebral canal
The canal that contains the spinal cord, spinal meninges, and related structures and is formed by the vertebral foramina of successive vertebrae of the articulated spinal column. Also called spinal canal
thoracic cavity
is the chamber of the body of vertebrates that is protected by the thoracic wall (rib cage and associated skin, muscle, and fascia). The central compartment of the thoracic cavity is the mediastinum.
abdominal cavity
The abdominal cavity is hardly an empty space. It contains a number of crucial organs including the lower part of the esophagus, the stomach, small intestine, colon, rectum, liver, gallbladder, pancreas, spleen, kidneys, and bladder.
pelvic cavity
The pelvic cavity is a body cavity that is bounded by the bones of the pelvis. Its oblique roof is the pelvic inlet (the superior opening of the pelvis). Its lower boundary is the pelvic floor. The pelvic cavity primarily contains reproductive organs, the urinary bladder, the pelvic colon, and the rectum.
cranial cavity
The cranial cavity, or intracranial space, is the space formed inside the skull. The brain occupies the cranial cavity, which is lined by the meninges and which contains cerebrospinal fluid to cushion blows.
the hands are —– to the feet
superior
the knees are —— to the waist
inferior
the heel is —– to the toes
posterior
the biceps are ——- to the triceps
anterior
the arms are—– the the midline
lateral
the neck is —— to the arms
medial

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