Anatomy Learnsmart #1

organism
single complete individual capable of response to stimuli, reproduction, growth and development, and maintenance of homeostasis

anatomy
the study of body structures

criteria for a good hypothesis
-testable and falsifiable
-consistent with what is already known

dissection
process of carefully separating of tissues to reveal anatomical relationships

pathophysiology
subdiscipline of physiology that is concerned with the mechanisms of disease

benefits of a large sample size
-enables us to place greater confidence in the outcome
-controls for individual variation
-controls for chance events

inductive method of study
process of drawing conclusions and making predictions from repeated observation

plasma membrane
structure that encloses a cell and controls the traffic of molecules in and out of the cell

atom
smallest particle of matter with unique chemical properties

gradient
difference in chemical concentration, electrical charge, physical pressure, temperature, or other variable between one point and another

word elements that modify the core meaning of the root
prefix and suffix

neurophysiology
physiology of the nervous system

endocrinologyy
physiology of hormones

comparative physiology
physiology of other animals

fact
information that can be independently verified by any trained person

histology
study of tissues or groups of cells and their surrounding extracellular materials

baroreceptors
type of receptor located in the heart, aortic arch, and carotid sinuses that trigger autonomic reflexes in response to fluctuations in blood pressure

differentiation
the process of transforming a cell with no specialized function into a cell with a specialized function

cytology
the study of cells

psychosomatic effects
effects of a subject’s state of mind on their physiology

peer review
method of evaluation of results by other experts in that field

auscultation
the act of listening to sounds made by the body

study of ultrastructure
study of structures within cellls

dynamic equilibrium
occurs when there is a set average point and conditions fluctuate around that point

percussion
tapping on a body surface then listening to the echo to diagnose health

radiology
branch of medicine that utilizes medical imaging technologies to explore the interior of the body

palpation
examination by feeling the body surface

eponyms
terms that identify the discoverer of a structure

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