Anatomy and Physiology studies

Anatomy
The study of the shape and structure of an organisms body and the relationship of one body part to another

Physiology
The study of how the body systems work and the way they are integrated in life and health of individuals

Anatomy and Physiology
branches of science that provide the foundation for understanding the body’s parts and functions

human development anatomy
embryology and developmental biology

Embryology
the study of the first eight weeks of development

Developmental biology
the study of the complete development of an individual from fertilization of an egg to death

microscopic level anatomy
cell biology and histology

cell biology
study of the cellular structure and functions

histology
the study of the microscopic structure of tissues

organismic level anatomy
surface anatomy, gross anatomy, radiographic anatomy, systemic anatomy and regional anatomy

surface anatomy
the study of the external form of the body and its relation to deeper structures through visualization and palpation

gross anatomy
the study of structures that can be examined without a microscope

systemic anatomy
the study of the structure of specific systems of the body

regional anatomy
the study of the specific regions of the body

radiographic anatomy
study of body structures that can be visualized with xrays

subspecialties of physiology
neurophysiology, endocrinology, cardiovascular physiology, immunology, respiratory physiology, renal physiology, exercise physiology and pathophysiology

neurophysiology
study of the functional properties of nerve cells

endocrinology
study of hormones and how they control body functions

cardiovascular physiology
study of functions of the heart and blood vessels

immunology
study of how the body defends itself against disease-causing agents

Respiratory physiology
study of functions of the air passageways and lungs

Renal physiology
study of functions of the kidneys

Exercise physiology
study of the changes in cell and organ functions as a result of muscular activity

Pathophysiology
study of the functional changes associated with disease and aging.