Anatomy and Physiology: Anatomical Positions

Inferior
Towards the bottom of the body
Ventral
Along the (belly) surface of the body
Proximal
Towards the trunk (position in a limb)
Left Hypochondriac Region
Left upper region of abdomen
Right Iliac Region
Right lower region of abdomen
Superior
Towards the top of the body
Dorsal
Along the vertebral surface of the body
Distal
Away from the trunk or point of attachment (used for limbs)
Ipsilateral
same side of the body
Transverse Plane
Horizontal Plane: Divides body into superior and inferior regions
RIght Lumbar region
Right Middle region of abdomen
Hypogastric region
Bottom middle region of abdomen
Anterior
Towards the front of the body
Medial
Towards the midsagittal plane; away from the sides
Superficial
on the surface, or shallow
Sagittal Plane
Vertical; divides body into left and right sections
Right Hypochondriac Region
Upper Right Quadrant of the abdomen
Umbilical Region
Middle Middle quadrant of the abdomen
Left Iliac Region
Left lower quadrant of the abdomen
Posterior
Towards the back(rear) of the body
Lateral
Towards the side; away from the midsaggital plane
Deep
Towards the inside; away from the surface
Midsaggital Plane
The cut that divides the body into equal left and right section
Epigastric Region
Upper Middle quadrant of abdomen
Left Lumbar Region
Middle left region of the abdomen
Cephalad
Towards the head
Visceral
Towards the internal organ (inside the body cavity)
Parietal
Towards the wall, away from internal organs
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