Anatomy and Physiology Anatomical Positions
The human body is erect, with the feet only slightly apart, head and toes pointed forward, and arms hanging at the sides with palms facing forward.
When standing in the anatomical position, are the thumbs pointing medially (towards the midline of the body) or laterally (away from the midline of the body)?
relating to the head, neck, and trunk, the axis of the body
relating to the limbs and their attachments to the axis
the anterior body trunk inferior to the ribs
the point of the shoulder
Is the femur in the axial, appendicular, or abdominal region of the body?
anterior surface of the elbow
What do you call the region of the body between the elbow and the wrist?
What is the common name of the body part where axillary lymph nodes are found?
leg (generally refers to the calf)
If a patient needs to wear a cervical collar, what is the common name of the part of the body that the collar is worn on?
fingers or toes
What is the common name of the part of the body in which you would expect to find the femoral vein?
What is the scientific name for the big toe?
What is the common name of the area of the body where you would expect to find the muscle named the mentalis?
Another name for the buccal cavity is the ______ cavity.
bony eye socket
Palms of the hands
anterior kneecap region
Why do you suppose the pedals on a bicycle are called pedals?
Because your FEET work the pedals.
Fibular or Peroneal
Side of the leg
There are two bones in the lower leg- the tibia and the fibula. Which one do you think is more laterally located?
region of the breastbone
Your largest ankle bone is your heal bone or calcaneus. This bone is one of 7 bones called _______ found in each foot
heel of the foot
buttocks or rump
Area of back between the ribs and the hips
posterior aspect of the head or base of the skull
region between the anus and the external gentiles
sole of the foot
back of the knee
region between the hips
the scapula or the shoulder blade area
calf posterior surface of the leg
area of the spinal column
What is the bone that is commonly called the shoulder blade?
towards the middle/ away from the midline or median plane
toward the head/ toward the tail
Belly side/ backside
nearer the trunk or attached end/further from the trunk or point of attachment
runs longitudinally and divides the body into right and left parts. (median)
sometimes called the coronal plane, the frontal plane is a longitudinal plane that divides the body into anterior and posterior parts.
runs horizontally, dividing the body into superior and inferior parts.