Air Assault Phase 1 – Part 1.

OH-58D Kiowa Warrior Specs
Max Speed: 125knots.
Flight time: 2 hrs 30mins
Crew: 2 – Pilot / Co-pilot
ACL: 0
Missions: Recon, Security, Target acquisition/designation, Defense air-to-air combat.
AH-64A Apache Specs
Max Speed: 197 knots
Cruise: 130-160
Flight Time: 1hr 50mins
Crew: 2, Pilot (rear) Co-pilot/Gunner (front)
AH-64A Apache Armament
30mm Chain Gun: 1200 rds
2.75 FFAR: 76 rds
Hellfire II Missile LG – 16rds
Stinger ATA Missile – 2 rds
Sidewinder – 2ds
AH-64D Longbow Apache specs
Max speed: 197knots
Cruise: 130-160knots
Flight: 1hr 50min
Crew: 2 – pilot/copilot
Missions: Anti-Armor, Close air support, recon, air to air combat.
AH-64D Longbow armament
30mm – 1200rds
2.75″ FFAR – 76rds
Hellfire – 16rds
Stinger – 2rds
Sidewinder – 2rds
Longbow F&F – 16rds
Uh-60A/L Blackhawk Specs
Max: 193knots
Cruise: 130knots
Flight time: 2 hrs 30 mins
Crew (for tact. purposes): 4 – Pilot, Copilot, 2crew chief.
Allowable Cargo Load: w/seats – 11, w/o seats 20.
Cargo Hook Capacity – A – 8,000lbs / L – 9,000lbs
Missions: AA, & Air-movement, Cas evac / medevac, Sling Load& resupply ops, FRIES/SPIES/ Rappelling & parachute
CH-47D/F Chinook Reference
FM 1-113
CH-47D/F Chinook specs
Max: 170knots
Cruise: 130knots
Flight Times 2hrs 30 mins
Crew: 4 – pilot,copilot,crew chief, engineer.
ACL: Ambulatory vs Litter
31 Amb – 0 Litter
25 – 4
19 – 8
16 – 12
10 – 16
4 – 20
1 -24
[ pattern ; 6,6,3, 6,6,3 (amb) 4,4,4,4,4,4(littler)]
Letter/Number designations
A – Attack
U – Utility
C – Cargo/Transport
O – Oberve
M – Multi-purpose/use
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H – Helicopter
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47 – Chinook
60 – Blackhawk
64 – Apache
58 – Kiowa
Pathfinder References
FM 3-21.38 (FM 57-38),
Pathfinder Operations Definition
To provide navigational assistance / advice to army aircraft, that encompasses selecting improving, marking, and controlling, PZ/LZ that support AA/Ground ops.
Phases of Pathfinder Ops
1. Selecting
2. Marking
3. Controlling
Selection consist of what?
1. Landing Point: Clear circular area – 25m, 35m, 50m, 80m, and 100m.
2. Landing Site: Consist of one or more landing points. Must have a control facility.
3. Landing Zone consist of one or more landing sites. May or may not have control facility.
Requirements of LZ
1. Number of A/C.

2. Flying/Landing Formations: Trail, echelon left/right, heavy left/right, staggered tail left/right, vee, diamond.

3.Surface Conditions: Must support weight of AC, and be free from debris.

4. Ground Slope: <_ degrees skids. wheeled.>15 degrees no aircraft.

5. Approach and Depart Routes: into the wind, over the lowest obstacle, along the long axis of pz/lz.

6. Prevailing winds: Headwind, tailwind, crosswind: 0-5knots any direction, 6-9 head and cross, 10 knots and above only head.

7. Density Altitude: As the following factors increase, performance decreases: Humidity, Alt. above Sea Level, Temperature. (HAT)

8. Loads consideration: Weight of load, personnel and/or equipment, internal or external, insertion or extraction.

9. Obstacles: 18″ or greater (high, wide, or deep)
a. ratio – 10:1.
b. 4 Rs – Remove, Reduce, Red, Radio

Marking Phase Consist of..
1. Marking the landing zone – minimal identifiable means.
2. Basic equipment – goggles, radio, wind measuring device, vs-17 panels, ect.
3. Markings – Obstacle Ratio 10:1, mark Obstacles, Inverted Y axis, 7Mx14x14. Additional TDP’s.