Abnormal Psy – Chapter 2

Abnormal behavior attributed to __________ in early writings (Chinese, Egyptians, Hebrews, and Greeks)
demonic possession
Hippocrates (460-377 B.C.)
insisted mental disorders were due to natural causes
Hippocrates
classified all mental disorders into three categories based on detail clinical observations. Mania, Melancholia (depression), Phrenitis (brain fever)
Marriage
Hippocrates suggested that marriage was a cure for hysteria in women
Greek Philosopher Plato (429-347 B.C.)
Wrote that such persons were not responsible for their acts and should not receive punishment in the same way as normal persons
The Greek Physician Galen (A.D. 130-200)
Elaborated upon anatomy of the nervous system based on animal dissection
European attitudes toward mental disorders
were marked by superstition
Mass Madness
Historically, widespread occurrence of group behavior disorders that were apparently cases of hysteria
Exorcisms
religiously inspired treatment procedure designed to drive out evil spirits or forces from a “possessed” person
Paracelsus, Swiss
Advocated treatment by “bodily magnetism” later called hypnotism
Early Asylums
The purpose of early asylums was to remove those who could not care for themselves from society
Benjamin Rush
Rush founded American psychiatry
Moral Management
is the wide-ranging method of treatment that focuses on social, individual, and occupational needs
Mental Hygiene Movement
Dix became a champion of poor and “forgotten” people in prisons and mental institutions for decades during the nineteenth century. 1841-1881
The rationale behind deinstitution
was a concern that prolonged hospitalization could keep patients from being able to adjust to and function in the outside world
hypnosis
The study of hypnosis and its relationship to hysteria was the starting point for psychoanalysis
catharsis
an emotional release
Wilhelm Wundt
1879 – First Experimental Psychology Laboratory Established
learning
The behavioral perspective is organized around a central theme: the role of learning in human behavior
Operant Conditioning
Reinforcers can be used to make a response more or less probable and frequent
Developed the hypothesis that hypnotism and hysteria were related and that both were due to suggestion
The physicians who accepted this view became known as the Nancy School