Abnormal Psy – Chapter 2

Abnormal behavior attributed to __________ in early writings (Chinese, Egyptians, Hebrews, and Greeks)
demonic possession

Hippocrates (460-377 B.C.)
insisted mental disorders were due to natural causes

Hippocrates
classified all mental disorders into three categories based on detail clinical observations. Mania, Melancholia (depression), Phrenitis (brain fever)

Marriage
Hippocrates suggested that marriage was a cure for hysteria in women

Greek Philosopher Plato (429-347 B.C.)
Wrote that such persons were not responsible for their acts and should not receive punishment in the same way as normal persons

The Greek Physician Galen (A.D. 130-200)
Elaborated upon anatomy of the nervous system based on animal dissection

European attitudes toward mental disorders
were marked by superstition

Mass Madness
Historically, widespread occurrence of group behavior disorders that were apparently cases of hysteria

Exorcisms
religiously inspired treatment procedure designed to drive out evil spirits or forces from a “possessed” person

Paracelsus, Swiss
Advocated treatment by “bodily magnetism” later called hypnotism

Early Asylums
The purpose of early asylums was to remove those who could not care for themselves from society

Benjamin Rush
Rush founded American psychiatry

Moral Management
is the wide-ranging method of treatment that focuses on social, individual, and occupational needs

Mental Hygiene Movement
Dix became a champion of poor and “forgotten” people in prisons and mental institutions for decades during the nineteenth century. 1841-1881

The rationale behind deinstitution
was a concern that prolonged hospitalization could keep patients from being able to adjust to and function in the outside world

hypnosis
The study of hypnosis and its relationship to hysteria was the starting point for psychoanalysis

catharsis
an emotional release

Wilhelm Wundt
1879 – First Experimental Psychology Laboratory Established

learning
The behavioral perspective is organized around a central theme: the role of learning in human behavior

Operant Conditioning
Reinforcers can be used to make a response more or less probable and frequent

Developed the hypothesis that hypnotism and hysteria were related and that both were due to suggestion
The physicians who accepted this view became known as the Nancy School