A personal essay on ‘BLADE RUNNER – The Director’s

Length: 1511 words

Cut’A Ridley Scott film based on the novel by Philip K Dick ‘Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep?’
This film, I believe, deserves a higher status than that of cult, and is much more than just an acceptable homage to Philip K
Dick, author of many original science-fiction novels, often laced with philosophical perspectives on the human condition. The
film is multi-layered; thrilling and unsettling, part dark science fiction and detective film noir, realistic and dream-like, intelligent,
mature, artistic and powerful. Purely on the surface, it has a visual richness which is wonderfully atmospheric (enhanced by the
soundtrack of Vangelis), drawing one into a vision of the future which is not only a sprawling, technological metropolis, but an
empty, soulless place. It is a film, which not only incorporates the strong themes presented by Dick but also adds its own
mood, more aloof and tragic, which includes through its characters a sense of life’s quiet desperation. They are withdrawn
almost, living in a mellow dream which when disrupted, is painful and struggling. The characters seem random, everyday people
of the city, but through the story are united by a will to survive because there is nothing else, nothing but fear. Death to the
replicants is represented by their own mortality

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and the outside embodiment of the Blade Runners; stalkers such as Deckard.


Throughout the film, life and death are displayed in ways that illuminate their surrealness; life in the case of a radically imposing
world – large, expansive, beautifully decadent, grown strange even to the hero Deckard – and death, especially in the example
of Zorra’s death sequence, as a sprawling, slow-motion operatic and disjointed event. Survival is a weary task amongst such
decadence, but it is a prominent theme; the replicants are not human yet they want life, Deckard scrambles extensively on the
rooftops and at one classic point, is moments from certain death. The film itself is called ‘Blade Runner’ suggestive of the
confrontation with danger that hunting replicants for a living invites. ‘Quite a thing to live in fear isn’t it?’ Towards the climax the
film attempts to bring the viewers as close to the ledge of death as possible. ‘4,5 – how to stay alive’ shouts Batty chasing
Deckard with a nail plunged through his hand, an attempt to retain his failing sense of sensation by an infliction of harsh pain.

This is all artistic nerve touching, and with the roles reversed to Deckard as the prey, the viewer senses the hopelessness of
Deckard’s situation.
This highlights another interesting factor which distinguishes Blade Runner from being a conventional sci-fi thriller to a
surprisingly relevant and resonant work; the mix of the traditional with the untraditional. We have the typical cop hero in the
character Deckard, found in a downtown bar at the beginning, wanted for an assignment by the chief. There is the usual love
interest in Rachel, the main villain Batty and his boys heading for a showdown, a few minor characters of interest and behind it,
the clever scientist whose plans backfire. Before long however, all is out of joint; the baddies are not evil, but confused
creatures of Frankenstein seeking like us all, extended life and answers for the pain and suffering caused by grief and heightened
doses of emotion. Rachel, one of them also, complicates Deckard’s task and in general there is a sense of confusion, horror in
Zorra’s realistic death scene and complexity in man’s modern creations and lack of control. Technology, it seems has surpassed
our ability to control and relate to it. This futuristic city is forlorn, lonely and lost. The characters are world-weary; they have
seen and done it all, and are none the wiser. Instead of a great showdown with the enemy where the viewer witnesses good
triumph over evil, we have a prolonged, desperate fight. Our hero is disarmed, forced to flee and is saved by the enemy who is
dying anyway. It is a scene where we wait to see if Deckard will survive and return to salvage all that he now cares about – his
strange love for Rachel. After this case, we may discern that Deckard ‘won’t work in this town again’.


It has been suggested that the film suffers from an identity crisis through not knowing whether it is a science fiction thriller or a
clever detective film noir. This was never the case. Like in the book, Deckard in the director’s cut is a conventional cop
confronted by an unconventional case (Nexus Six replicants with memories and primitive emotions) which will bring him close
to confronting a hazard that is inherent within us all; the darker more horrific desire for holding onto life. For this is the struggle
of Batty and the replicants – how to live with dangerously acute powers and sensibilities bestowed by people such as the
arrogant scientist Dr. Tyrell. They are not happy with their gift; playing second-rate to humans, living in fear of death, and by the
end, suffering a painful, protracted and useless end. Their inability to comprehend their own mortality and loss of experiences
(‘like tears in rain’) mirrors our own. This is the result of arrogant science, of playing Prometheus, and as a powerful theme
resonates to the consideration that human life is not dissimilar. It is true perhaps that this fundamental idea of ‘what it means to
be human’ may come over better in the book than in the film; a stronger depth inherent in the film is that of hunter and hunted.

But what we do witness is Deckard’s natural but ironic predicament of falling for the enemy, i.e. Rachel. This is perhaps the
only goodness in a film illustrating the fallibility of humanity; love and the need to be loved. It is here where we get the dream
image of the charging unicorn, a symbol perhaps of an attainable goodness and simplicity amid such dark modernity and angst.

Deckard doesn’t find an enemy as such in the replicants, but beings every bit as fallible as himself; confused, fearful and
understandably dangerous when threatened. A more apparent interpretation of the unicorn is that it is a memory implant given
to Deckard – himself a replicant, confirmed at the end when he notices the silver origami creation of the cane-man (a real Blade
Runner?) Have they used Deckard as a thief to catch the thieves? Personally, although this is a strong connection, I prefer to
think of this as a suggestion only, and that the dream unicorn may also be a real dream, but perhaps attaches to a deeper
meaning shared between the blade runners. This, however is the cleverness of the subtle ambiguity in the film; that its
suggestions work on numerous levels.


There are other groundings for understanding Deckard as a replicant, with his unemotional dedication to completing the task set
for him by the chief. The reaches of Tyrell’s influence on the positions of the city are uncertain. Possibly it is all one engineered
experiment by the god-like mental Tyrell; introducing Rachel to Deckard, their relationship, Holden’s incapacitation at the
beginning by Leon, and the need for a being able to match and destroy Batty. But this is relatively inconsequential and merely
adds strength to the theme of presenting the experience of humanity – its strange needs and compulsions – through the concept
of replicants. The fact that the reference to their murder is classified ‘retirement’ draws attention to an unjust but deliberate
discrimination. What these cops are tracking down in the Nexus Six replicants are mirrors of themselves, suffering from a lack
of empathy. The film is laced with a subtle, ironic perspective.


By the time Deckard enters Sebastian’s building it becomes apparent that Deckard from this point will hardly be likely to just
kill Batty and walk home to Rachel. The climax distils the running of the blade for both characters and for all people. Ultimately,
as Rachel and Deckard rush to escape the vicinity of other Blade Runners, but of still inevitable death, their weakness and
futility matches Batty’s. But they have a sort of love, one that possibly only Deckard feels, and we guess that they will cling to
this as they enter the lift and the difficult future. The door slams, life goes on; the players have left the stage. They are left
threatened, for possibly the cane-man will ensure that Rachel is hunted down. ‘It’s too bad she won’t live, but then again who
does.’
The definitive version of the film is the director’s cut, which retains the proper level of ambiguity by subtracting the ill-fitting,
unnecessary happy ending. Instead we may wonder whether the unicorn of hope, love and purity (my interpretation) can live, or
deserve to live, outside the dream and inside such an exhausted, dead-end of a world. This film is both far-fetched and realistic,
bleak in setting but finally hopeful, striking a powerful chord with its searching, struggling characters. Crucial aspects of the
human condition are here on display in surely what is a fine creation.


This essay does not include the vast religious parallels that can be read into the characters and their actions eg. the replicants as
fallen angels returning to Earth to confront their maker, Batty as a symbol of mankind, Deckard as God’s agent of death and
Sebastian as an intermediary Jesus Christ. A good essay summarising these notions can be read in:

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