A God Divided: Understanding the Differences Between Islam, Christianity and Judaism Essay Essay
Christianity. Islam and Judaism. are the world’s greatest monotheist religions. These religions have some similarities and differences. In this paper analysis of what is common amongst Islam. Judaism and Christianity is analyzed at an in-depth degree. Islam is the world’s largest faith after Christianity. It is a monotheistic religion that traces its roots in the Middle East. Many of its patterns and beliefs are similarity with Christianity and Judaism. Judaism. Islam and Christianity. are referred jointly as “Abrahamic religion” since their history could be traced to God’s compact with Abraham in the Hebrews Bible. It is believed that Prophet Muhammad met Christians and Jews in his life-time and as such Islam has come into contact with similar monotheistic faiths throughout its history ( Paterson 216 ) . The undermentioned paragraphs give the differences and similarities between Islam. Christianity and Judaism. It gives a elaborate analysis of statistics. history. spiritual beliefs and beginning of the greatest monotheistic religions.
The disciples of Christianity. Judaism and Islam severally are 2billion Christians. 14 million Jews and over one billion Muslims. Compared to other religions in the universe. Christian religion is the largest religion. so Islam and Judaism ranks 12 amongst universe religion. The major concentration of Islam is South East Asia and Middle East. Judaism concentration is in America. Europe and Israel. Christianity has a fast growing in Africa. Europe. North and South America. Islam’s sacred text is the Koran. for the Jews it is the bible and the Christians it is the Judaic Bible and the New Testament. Other written governments by these religions are: Hadith for the Muslims. Midrash. Talmud and Responsa for the Jews. The Christians consider particularly the Catholics consider church councils. apostolic edicts. church male parents as holding written authorization. The three faiths both have spiritual jurisprudence ( Catherwood 192 ) . For the Christians. it is the Canon jurisprudence. for Muslim it is the Islamic law jurisprudence. for Jews it is the Halakhah. Another similarity amongst the three religions is the presence of the clergy. For the Muslims the clergy is made up of imaums. the Jews have rabbis and the Christian’s clergy comprises of the priests. curates. bishops and curates. The three religions both have a house of worship. The Jews worship at the temple. the Muslims at the mosque and Christians at the church. cathedral or chapel. Christianity. Islam and Judaism besides have a similarity in the sense that they have a specific twenty-four hours of worship. Christians worship on Sunday. Muslim on Friday and Jews on Saturday. For church and province. Islam the faith is integrated to the province while. for Christianity and Judaism. it is separate.
For the beginning and history of these religions. Islam was founded in 622 CE. Christianity in c. 33 CE and the day of the months for beginning of Judaism are still unknown. Hebraism and Christianity were founded in Palestine while Islam was founded in Saudi Arabia. Both religions had laminitiss. The laminitis of Christianity is Jesus. for Islam it is Muhammad and for Judaism it is Moses or Abraham. Both religions have an original linguistic communication. The original linguistic communication of Islam was Arabic. for Hebraism it was Hebrew and for Christianity. it was Aramaic and Greek. Both religions had an early enlargement program. For Islam. in 12 old ages. the full Arabic Peninsula had Islam and in a century. Islamism stretched throughout the Atlantic to China.
Hebraism had little enlargement that was limited to the Palestine parts merely. In 60 old ages. Christianity had expanded and had churches in metropoliss in Turkey. Rome. Palestine and Greek ; by the fourth century their enlargement was throughout the full Roman Empire. Another similarity amongst the three religions is the major splits facets. In Islam. the split was in 650 CE amongst the Shia and Sunni. For Judaism. in the 1800s CE the split was amongst the Reform and Orthodox. Amongst the Christians. the splits were two in1054 CE amongst the Catholic and orthodox and in1500s CE amongst the Catholic and Protestants.
Similarity could besides be made on the spiritual beliefs amongst Christians. Islam and Judaism. For Islam and Judaism. they are purely monotheist while Christians are Trinitarian monotheist ( David 37 ) . Another common feature in the belief system of the three religions is the ultimate world where Christianity. Judaism and Islam have one God. The three religions have names for God. Muslims refer to Him as Allah which is Arabic for God. Jews refer to Him as Yahweh and Elohim while Christians refer to him as the holy three and Yahweh.
The three religions both believe in other religious existences like for the Islam. they have devils. angels and genie. The Jews and Christians have devils and angels. Another common feature of the three religions spiritual beliefs are the august worlds. The Shia Muslims have Prophetss and imaums while the Hebrews have Prophetss. The Christians have saints and church male parents. The spiritual positions of the three religions on the Jesus Christ’s individuality are different and similar in some manner. The Muslim believes that He is God’s true prophesier whose message has been corrupted. The Jews see him a false prophesier while the Christians believe he is the boy of God. the world’s Jesus and God incarnate.
The Christians and Muslims believe the birth of Jesus was a virgin birth while the Jew believes it was merely a normal birth. The Christians and Jews believe that Jesus died by crucifixion on the cross while the Muslims believe He did non decease but ascended into Eden during crucifixion. On the Resurrection of Jesus. the Muslims and Jews denied it while the Christians affirm it. On the 2nd approach of Jesus. the Muslims and Christians affirmed it while the Jews deny it. The three religions besides have a similarity in footings of Godhead disclosure where the Muslims believe it is done Muhammad as written in the Quran. The Jews believe through Prophetss as written in the bible and the Christians through Prophetss and Jesus as written in the bible. Another similarity of the three religions in spiritual beliefs is their positions on the sacred text.
The Christians and the Muslims believe that the sacred text is inspired. and it is the actual word of God and some believe inerrant in original linguistic communications. For Judaism. the positions vary. The three religions besides have a similarity on human nature. The Jews and Muslims believe on the equal ability for worlds to make right or evil while the Christians believe on the original wickedness from Adam on the inclination towards immorality.
Another outstanding similarity amongst the three religions is the spiritual belief on agencies of redemption. They all believe that means to redemption is the through righteous workss. However. some Christians believe in sacraments while the Protestants believe the agencies to redemption is through religion merely ( David 307 ) . They besides have a similarity on God’s function in redemption. The Muslims and Christians believe it is the predestination while the Jews believe it is the godly disclosure and forgiveness. The spiritual belief of Christians and Muslims on the good hereafter is similar as they believe in ageless Eden while the Jews positions vary as it is either no hereafter or Eden. On bad hereafter. Christians and Muslim believe in ageless snake pit. For Catholics. they believe in impermanent purgatory. The positions of Jews on the bad hereafter vary from. reincarnation. ageless Gehenna or no hereafter. The position of the three religions on fellow Abrahamic faiths is similar and positive. The Muslims believe that Christians and Jews are people of the book and are respected but have partial disclosures and incorrect beliefs. The Jews believe that Christianity and Islam are false reading of Judaism. Christians. on the other manus. believe that Islamism is a false faith and Judaism has false reading but is a true faith.
Both Christians and Muslims believe in the presence of the clergy. The Muslim clergy is made up of imaums while that of Christians comprises of bishops. curates. priests and curates. Both faiths have a house of worship. Muslims worship at the mosque while Christians worship in a church. chapel or cathedral. Both Muslims and Christians have a specific twenty-four hours set aside for worship ( Novak. 2001 ) . Most Christians worship on Sunday or Saturday. while the Islamic twenty-four hours of worship is Friday. The Islamic faith is integrated to the province while that of Christianity is separate. Muhammad is believed to be the laminitis of the Islamic faith while the laminitis of Christianity is Jesus. The original linguistic communication used by Muslims was Arabic and that of Christians was Aramaic and Greek. The two faiths concur on the position of human nature whereby Muslims believe in the equal ability for worlds to make right or evil while the Christians believe on the original wickedness from Adam on the tendency towards evil.
Islam and Christianity have specific spiritual beliefs that are different. Moslems are purely monotheist while Christians are Trinitarian monotheist. The two faiths have a common characteristic in the belief system as evidenced by their ultimate world and worship for one supernatural being-God. The lone difference is the name they use for God. The Muslim name for God is Allah which is Arabic for God and that of Christians is the Holy Trinity or Yahweh. Another similarity of the two faiths in spiritual beliefs is their positions on the sacred text. The Christians and the Muslims believe that the sacred text is inspired. and it is the true word of God and some believe inerrant in original linguistic communications
Another outstanding similarity amongst the Christians. Muslims and Jews is rites. All the three religions conduct rites to suit in their religions. In Christianity. amongst the Catholics. there is the sacrament. which includes the Holy Eucharist and Baptism. In Roman Catholicism. other rites are included like: Confirmation. Repentance. Holy Orders. Marriages and Anointment of the sick. Prayer is a portion of the religion excessively. In Islamism. there are five cardinal rites considered as the pillars of Islam. They include the Shaddah which is the faith profession. salaat which is five times day-to-day supplication. zakat which is alms giving. sawm which is fasting in Ramadan and hadj that is the pilgrim’s journey to Mecca.
The Judaic rites include the Circumcision of new born males. saloon mitsvah that is a ceremonial observing the maturity of Judaic male childs and shabat which is Sabbath observation. The spiritual positions of the three religions on the Jesus Christ’s individuality are different and similar in some manner. The Muslim believes that He is God’s true prophesier whose message has been corrupted ( Catherwood 192 ) . The Jews see him a false prophesier while the Christians believe he is the boy of God. the world’s Jesus and God incarnate. The Christians and Muslims believe the birth of Jesus was a virgin birth while the Jew believes it was merely a normal birth. The Christians and Jews believe that Jesus died by crucifixion on the cross while the Muslims believe He did non decease but ascended into Eden during crucifixion. On the Resurrection of Jesus. the Muslims and Jews denied it while the Christians affirm it. On the 2nd approach of Jesus. the Muslims and Christians affirmed it while the Jews deny it. The three religions besides have a similarity in footings of Godhead disclosure where the Muslims believe it is done Muhammad as written in the Quran. The Jews believe through Prophetss as written in the bible and the Christians through Prophetss and Jesus as written in the bible. In decision. most trusters in the current universe still have no precise footing for their beliefs. It is of import for both Muslims and Christians to hold sound cognition and positions in their beliefs. This is because there have been many efforts to redefine faith to suit in the current societal docket.
Catherwood. Christopher. A God Divided: Understanding the Differences Between Islam. Christianity and Judaism. Eastbourne: David C Cook. 2007.
Liepert. David. Muslim. Christian. and Jew: Finding a Way to Peace Our Religions Can Share. Nottingham: Religion of Life Publishing. 2010.
Paterson. Andrea C. Three Monotheistic Faiths – Judaism. Christianity. Islam: An Analysis and Brief History. New York: AuthorHouse. 2009.