5TH QTR Mr. Bridgewater- Ethics/Mortuary Law- Quiz #1

Question Answer
philosophy the set of values, ideas and opinions of an individual or group
religion a culturally entrenched pattern of behavior made up of sacred beliefs, emotional feelings accompanying the beliefs and overt conduct presumable implementing the beliefs and feelings.
secular pertaining to worldly things or to things that are not regarded as religious, spiritual or sacred
values beliefs that are held in high esteem
code of ethics a declaration or public statement of professional standards of right and wrong conduct
code of ethics historically based on the golden rule
the golden rule a rule of ethical conduct found in some form in most major religions usually phrased "do unto others as you would have them do unto you"
personal ethics the basic principles and values that govern interactions among individuals; how a person represents themselves
situational ethics moral principles that vary with circumstances
business ethics that branch of philosophy dealing with values relating to human conduct as it applies to business transactions; what is good or moral in business transactions
jean piaget was among the first to study moral development and contributed much to modern theories. He worked almost exclusively with children.
morals refers to the customs values and standards of practice of a group age or theory intended to be timeless (it is sometimes considered to be synonymous with ethics)
lawrence kohlberg was a psychologist best known for his theory of stages of moral development. He modified and elaborated on jean piagets work, applying his theories to all ages and developed his stages of moral development.
pre-conventional level stage of moral development in which conventional reasoning is based on reward and punishment from those in authority
pleasure seeking orientation/reward do or say the right thing because you want a hug or kiss
punishment orientation do or say the wrong thing and receive a spanking or time out or not speeding because you do not want to get a ticket
conventional level stage of moral development in which the expectations of the social group (family, community and nations) are supported and maintained good boy, good girl orientation
post conventional level is a stage of moral development in which the individual considers universal moral principles which supercedes the authority of the group
the moral development of women carol gilligan
carol gilligan is an american feminist, ethicist and psychologist best known for her work with and against lawrence kohlberg on ethical community and ethical relationships
gilligan noted that women are more concerned with care, relationships and connections with people
gilligan noted that men are more inclined to think in terms of rules and justice
gilligan took issue with the male oriented views associated with kohlberg, freud and others
the difference between ethics and law: ethics are imposed internally are concerned with motive is concerned with the interest of an individual and society
motives something as a reason or desire, acting as a spur to action
the difference between ethics and law:law are externally imposed are concerned with acts and conduct are concerned with the interest and protection of society
law rules that govern society
non-theistic a philosophy that does not focus on the worship of a god or gods
citizenship the character of an individual viewed as a member of society; behavior in terms of duty, obligations, and functions of a citizen; or the behavior or character of an individual viewed as a member of society
personal standards of ethics based on culture belief in god (theism or non-theistic) citizenship family relationships
professionalism involves service to community welfare of the profession honesty and integrity
5 good words that help define professionalism character attitude excellence competency conduct
confidentiality to hold certain information in trust and not disclose without proper authorization or authority. i.e. maintaining a discrete client relationship
counseling advice given to someone to help them with a problem
knowledgeable and factual representation which includes the following: disposition options service options merchandise options custody and or trusteeship of personal effects and the body
interprofessional relationships relationships with individuals who are in allied fields of the funeral industry
allied (related) professions medical clergy legal florists cemeterians cremation personnel media
more allied (related) professions monument dealers insurance agents government and public agencies military third party vendors (like casket and vault companies) organizations sponsoring organ donations
intraprofessional relationships those relationships with individuals from within the funeral industry
5 things a funeral director should do for intraprofessional relationships funeral directors should WORK to promote understanding and cooperation funeral directors should DEVELOP a professional image funeral directors should SHARE information and ideas funeral directors should BE INVOLVED in professional associations funeral directors should SHARE personnel and equipment when necessary
ethics the branch of philosophy dealing with values relating to human conduct, with respect to the rightness or wrongness of certain actions and to the goodness and badness of the motives and ends of such actions principles of morality, including the science of good and the nature of right; the discipline dealing with moral duty and obligations
code of ethics subsections personal ethics situational ethics business ethics
culture consists of abstract patterns (the rules ideas and beliefs shared by members of society) of and for living and dying which are learned directly or indirectly
theism a belief in god or gods, atheistic philosophy is one that focuses on the worship of god or gods
equitable professional service to all: without regard to race and or ethnicity religious diversity personal preferences medical circumstances
race and or ethnicity the cultural heritage or identity of a group, based on factors such as language or country of origin .

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