5TH GRADE LANGUAGE ARTS – Figurative Language Definitions


Simile
comparing two unlike things using words such as “like” or “as”
Example: They fought like cats and dogs!

Metaphor
comparing two unlike things NOT using words such as “like” or “as”
Example: He is a snake! (meaning:He is a bad person)

Personification
A figure of speech in which an object or animal is given human feelings, thoughts, or attitudes


Hyperbole
an overstatement or exaggeration

Idiom
An expression that means something different from the literal meaning of the words EX: it’s raining cats and dogs.

Alliteration
using the same letter or sound at the beginning of adjacent or closely connected words.

Onomatopoeia
When the word makes the sound as it is spelled.(e.g., cuckoo, sizzle ).
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