|The three states in which matter can|
usually be found are solid, liquid, and gas
|Solid matter can be picked up and carried around without being in a|
|Liquids flow to the lowest level and can be poured. They must be in|
containers to be moved or stored. Liquids take the shape of the container they are in.
|Gases take both the volume and shape of any container they are placed in. If a gas is not in a container, it will spread out indefinitely|
|melting point(of a subtance)|
|the temperature at which the substance changes from a solid to a liquid.|
|boiling point(of a subtance)|
|the temperature at which a liquid rapidly changes to a gas.|
|Metals that can be beaten into thin sheets are considered to be malleable.|
|Some metals are ductile, meaning they can be “drawn” into wires.|
|The degree to which a substance will dissolve in a given amount of another|
substance, usually water, is called solubility.
|The ability of a material to conduct electricity or heat is called conductivity.|
|Definition: Density is the mass per unit volume of a substance.|
formula:density = mass/volume
|A chemical property describes the behaviour of a substance as it changes into a new substance.|
|The physical properties of matter are those you can observe with your senses,|
measure, or calculate.
|Flammability is the rapid reaction of some substances with oxygen, resulting in the release of a great deal of energy.|
|Corrosion is the slow reaction of certain metals with oxygen to form|
This process is calledoxidation.
|Some minerals, such as limestone, react with acid to form carbon dioxide gas.|