2LS1C5a – Explain how light energy is converted in chemical energy in the process of photosynthesis

Light Energyx
Photosynthesis ProductsSugars and Released Oxygen
Photosynthesis ReactantsCO2 and H2O

CarbonAn element retained by plants during photosynthesis
Autotrophorganism that makes its own food
Photosythesisprocess by which plants use the suns energy to convert water and carbon dioxide into sugars
Producerorganism that makes its own food (autotroph) and produces organic molecules that serve as food for other organisms in its ecosystem
heterotrophorganism that obtains food by eating other organisms
Consumerorganism that obtains food by eating producers (autotrophs) or other consumers
Cellular Respirationchemical process that uses oxygen to convert chemical energy stored in organic molecules into ATP (adenosine triphosphate)
Chloroplastorganelle found in some plant cells and certain unicellular organisms where photosynthesis takes place
Chlorophyllpigment that gives a chloroplast its green color; uses light energy to split water molecules during photosynthesis
Stromathick fluid contained in the inner membrane of a chloroplast
Thylakoiddisk-shaped sac in the stroma of a chloroplast; site of the light reactions of photosynthesis
Light Reactionschemical reactions that convert the suns energy to chemical energy; take place in the

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membranes of thylakoids in the chloroplast
Calvin Cyclecycle in plants that makes sugar from carbon dioxide, H+ ions, and high-energy electrons carried by NADPH
StarchMany sugars that are linked together
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